Ford Fiesta

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Ford Fiesta
Automotive industryFord Motor Company
Production1976–present
Car classificationSupermini car
Automobile layoutFF layout
Internal combustion engineall Straight-4

The Ford Fiesta is a small front wheel drive Supermini car designed by the Ford Motor Company and built in Europe, Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, Venezuela, China, India and South Africa. The model is marketed worldwide, including Japan and Australasia, and was sold briefly in North America. It is one of Ford's most successful cars with over ten million sold in seven distinct generations since 1976 and production continues, with an eighth generation going on sale, initially in Europe, during the Fall / Autumn of 2008. It is also set to be produced at the company’s Cuautitlán Assembly Plant in Mexico starting in late-2009.[1][2]

Contents

History


In the early 1970s, Europe demand from consumers for Supermini car was rising. Even Ford's smallest model, the Escort, was a conventional front-engined, Rear wheel drive car; yet competitors were launching smaller, front wheel drive cars, like the Fiat 127 and the Renault 5. The effects of the 1973 energy crisis was also increasing demand for smaller cars. British Motor Corporation (which had since merged into British Leyland) had entered the mini-car market with its Mini in 1959, while the Rootes Group had launched the ultimately less successful Hillman Imp in 1963, but times had moved on and people looking for small cars now wanted practical hatchbacks instead of conventional saloons. Vauxhall Motors had entered the modern supermini market with its conventional Vauxhall Chevette three-door hatchback early in 1975.

Ford needed an advanced small car to compete in this emerging market. After research and many mock-ups, a Prototype and project known as "Bobcat" was created, which would be the basis of Ford's new car. The original plans for the "Bobcat" specified a desire that the new car cost US$100 less to produce than the Ford Escort.[3]

The short listed names for the new car designed by the project Bobcat team (headed by Mr Trevor Erskine) were Amigo, Bambi, Bebe, Bravo, Bolero, Cherie, Tempo, Chico, Fiesta, Forito, Metro, Pony and Sierra. Despite more board votes for "Bravo", Henry Ford II personally overruled and named the car "Fiesta", while "Sierra" was introduced on the Cortina replacement in 1982, and ironically the "Metro" nameplate was introduced by rival manufacturer British Leyland for the similar-sized Austin Metro in 1980.

The name Fiesta belonged to General Motors Corporation at the time; however, it was freely given for Ford to use on their new B-class car. After years of speculation by the motor press about Ford's new car, it was unveiled in late 1975.

Mk1 (1976–1983): Birth of the Fiesta


Ford Fiesta Mk1
FiestaFestival01.jpg 1981 Ford Fiesta Mk1 Festival
Production1976–1983
AssemblyAlmussafes, Spain
Dagenham, United Kingdom
Cologne, Saarlouis, Germany
SuccessorFord Fiesta Mk2
Car body style3-door Hatchback
Internal combustion enginePetrol:
Kent/Valencia:
957 cc (58.4 CID) 40/45 Horsepower,
1117 cc (68.2 CID) 53 PS,
1298 cc (79.1 CID) 66 PS,
1597 cc (97.5 CID) 84 PS
Transmission (mechanics)Ford IB4 4-speed Manual transmission
Wheelbase2,286 mm (90.0 in)
Length3,565 mm (140.4 in)
Width1,567 mm (61.7 in)
Height1,360 mm (53.5 in)

Mechanically, the Ford Fiesta followed tradition, with an end-on four-speed Manual transmission mounted to a new version of the Ford Kent Overhead valve engine, dubbed "Valencia", named after the brand new Spain factory in Almussafes, Valencia (autonomous community), developed especially to produce the new car. Ford's plants in Dagenham, England and Cologne, Germany were also used to manufacture Fiestas. To cut costs and speed up the research and development time, many modified Kent engines destined for the Fiesta were tested in Fiat 127. This also allowed covert road testing across Europe. It was only the second hatchback mini-car to have been built in the UK by this stage, being launched a year after the Vauxhall Chevette, but a year before the Chrysler Sunbeam and four years before the Austin Metro.

The Fiesta was a runaway success overnight, and the one millionth Fiesta was produced on 9 January 1979. The car was available in Europe with a 957 cc (58 CID) (high compression and low compression options), either a 1.1 and 1.3 L OHV Petrol engines and in Base, Popular, L, GL (1978 onward), Ghia and S trim, as well as a Van. The US Mark I Fiesta was built in Saarlouis, Germany but to slightly different specifications; US models were Base, Decor, Sport, and Ghia, the Ghia having the highest level of trim. These trim levels changed very little in the Fiesta's three year run in the USA, from 1978-80. All US models featured the more powerful 1.6 L Kent (97 CID; 1597cc) 4 cylinder engine (retrofited with a catalytic converter and air pump for lower emissions), energy-absorbing bumpers, side-marker lamps, round sealed-beam headlamps, improved crash dynamics and fuel system integrity as well as optional air conditioning (a/c was not available in Europe). The Ford Escort replaced the Fiesta in the US in 1981.

A sporting derivative (1.3 Supersport) was offered in Europe in 1980, effectively to test the market for the similar XR2 introduced one year later, which featured a 1.6 L version of the same engine. Black plastic trim was added on the exterior and interior, and the car looked exciting. The small square headlights were replaced with larger circular ones resulting in the front indicators being moved into the bumper to accommodate the change. With a quoted performance of 0-60 mph (0-97 km/h) in 9.3 seconds and 105 mph (169 km/h) top speed, the XR2 Hot hatch became a cult car beloved of Boy racer throughout the 1980s.

Minor revisions appeared across the range in late 1981, with larger bumpers to meet crash worthiness regulations and other small improvements in a bid to maintain showroom appeal ahead of the forthcoming Mk2.

In 1978, the Fiesta overtook the Vauxhall Chevette as Britain's best selling supermini, but in 1981 it was knocked off the top spot by British Leyland Austin Metro and was still in second place at the end of 1982.

Mk1 specifications

Crayford convertibles

In 1982, coachbuilders Crayford produced the Fiesta "Fly" — a convertible version of the Mk1 Fiesta 1300 Ghia, and a total of just fifteen vehicles were produced. The following year the more powerful 1600 Mk1 Fiesta XR2 was the donor car, and a further seven conversions were carried out, part of which involved welding the boot shut.

Mk2 (1983–1989): Fiesta updated


Engine type(s) Straight-4: Petrol, Ford Kent/Valencia Overhead valve
Capacity 957–1597 cc (58.4-97.4 CID)
Power 40-84 Horsepower
Max. speed 85-106 mph 137–170 km/h
Acceleration 0–60 mph: 17.6-10.1 seconds
Ford Fiesta Mk2
Fiestamk2.jpg 1988 Ford Fiesta Mk2 PopularPlus
Production1983–1989
AssemblyAlmussafes, Spain
Dagenham, United Kingdom
Cologne, Saarlouis, Germany
PredecessorFord Fiesta Mk1
SuccessorFord Fiesta Mk3
Car body style3-door Hatchback
Internal combustion enginePetrol:
Kent/Valencia:
957 cc (58.4 CID) 45 Horsepower,
1117 cc (68.2 CID) 49-53 PS,
1298 cc (79.1 CID) 66 PS;
CVH:
1298 cc (79.1 CID) 69 PS,
1368 cc (83 CID) 71 PS,
1597 cc (97.4 CID) 96 PS;
Diesel:
1608 cc (98.1 CID) 54 PS
Transmission (mechanics)Ford IB4 & IB5 4- or 5-speed Manual transmission,
Continuously variable transmission
Wheelbase2,286 mm (90.0 in)
Length3,565 mm (140.4 in)
Width1,567 mm (61.7 in)
Height1,360 mm (53.5 in)

The 'Mk2 Fiesta' appeared towards the end of summer 1983. The bodyshell was essentially a Fiesta Mk1 design with a more aerodynamic front end and an overhauled interior design. It also featured an altered bootlid design which mirrored the swage lines from the sides of the car. The 1.3L OHV engine was dropped, being replaced in 1984 by a CVH powerplant of similar capacity, itself superseded by the Lean burn 1.4L two years later. 957 and 1117 cc engines continued with only slight alterations and for the first time a Fiesta Diesel was produced with a 1600 cc engine adapted from the Escort.

The XR2 model was thoroughly updated with a larger bodykit. It also featured a 96 bhp (72 kW) 1.6L CVH engine as previously seen in the Ford Escort XR3, and five-speed gearbox (also standard on the 1.3L CVH models). The engine was replaced by a lean burn variant in 1986 which featured a revised cylinder head and carburettor. This replacement engine was significantly cleaner from an environmental viewpoint but was slightly less powerful as a result (95 bhp/ 71 kW).

A "Fiestamatic" had been rumoured for some years and the new CTX Continuously variable transmission, also fitted in the Fiat Uno, eventually surfaced early in 1987 on 1.1 models only.

A truly "hot" Fiesta was never produced by the factory to avoid impacting on sales of performance Ford Escort variants but many aftermarket conversions were available, the best-known being that by the England firm Turbo Technics boosting power to a well documented 125 bhp (93 kW), this hike in power and torque made it easily outclass all its "standard" rivals. Ford appreciated the high quality of this conversion and was keen to look after its customers: the installation was undertaken by approved fitting centres and thus all the warranties remained valid after.

The most bizarre feature of the Mk 2 was that the fitment of an almost completely different Dashboard was perpetuated on the lower-series trim levels compared to the more expensive variants, the sole common visible components (save for minor switchgear and, where fitted, lighter socket) being the fuse-box cover and fuel/water gauges.

The face-lifted Fiesta quickly reclaimed its place as Britain's most popular supermini, and retained top spot for the remainder of its production life. In its best-ever year, 1987, over 150,000 Fiesta models were sold in the UK, though it missed out on first place in the sales charts to the Ford Escort. It was well-regarded by both men and women. But towards the end of the decade, it began to show its age compared to more modern rivals like the Citroen AX, Peugeot 205 and Fiat Uno.

This version of the Fiesta was still a common sight on British roads as recently as the beginning of the 2000s, though as the decade nears its end, it is becoming a rare sight. However, it is still a more frequent sight than its main rival, the Austin Metro.

The Mk2 Fiesta lives on as the donor vehicle for Quantum Sports Cars' 2+2 convertible[4] with several hundred manufactured at the factory in Stourbridge before production moved to Kingsbridge.

1984 Ford Fiesta Mk2 XR2.

Mk2 specifications

Engine type(s) Straight-4: Petrol, Ford Kent/Valencia, Ford CVH, & Diesel Overhead valve
Capacity 957–1608 cc (58.4-98.1 CID)
Power 45–96 hp
Max. speed 85-134 mph (137–210 km/h)
Acceleration 0–60 mph: 19.0-8.7 seconds

Mk3 (1989–1997)

See also: Ford Fiesta RS Turbo
Ford Fiesta Mk3
Ford Fiesta MK3.jpg The Ford Fiesta Mk3
Production1989-1997
AssemblyAlmussafes, Spain
Dagenham, United Kingdom
Cologne, Saarlouis, Germany
PredecessorFord Fiesta Mk2
SuccessorFord Fiesta Mk4
Car body style3-door Hatchback
5-door Hatchback
Automobile platformFord B platform
Internal combustion enginePetrol:
Kent/HCS:
999 cc (61.0 CID) 45 Horsepower,
1118 cc (68.2 CID) 50-55 PS,
1289 cc (78.7 CID) 60 PS;
CVH:
1392 cc (84.9 CID) 71-75 PS,
1596 cc (97.4 CID) 104 PS,
1596 cc Turbocharger (97.4 CID) 133 PS;
Zetec:
1598 cc (97.5 CID) 90 PS,
1796 cc (109.6 CID) 105-130 PS;
Diesel:
1753 cc (107.0 CID) 60 PS
Transmission (mechanics)Ford IB4 & IB5 4- or 5-speed Manual transmission,
Continuously variable transmission
Fuel capacity42L
RelatedFord Ka, Ford Courier


The introduction of the Fiesta Mk3, codenamed BE-13, strengthened the Fiesta's popularity, helped largely by the addition of a five-door version.

Sometimes considered[who?] the 'quintessential' Fiesta, this model had the longest production life of any Fiesta to date, and also achieved the highest yearly sales of any Fiesta in the early 1990s. The car's longevity meant it was the Fiesta that went through the most changes in its life. For example, the car had four different versions of standard steering wheels during its lifetime (the launch wheel, then updated in 1992, 1994 and 1995) and the most changes to standard UK trim levels of any Fiesta (examples across the years show the large line-up: Popular, Popular Plus, L, LX, Ghia, 1.6S, XR2i, RS Turbo, RS1800, Fiesta, LA, DL, SX, Azura, Si, Classic, Classic Quartz, Classic Cabaret). A Fiesta-derived van, the Ford Courier, was launched in 1991.

Fuel injection engines became available in 1991. Major changes were introduced to the range in 1994: steering wheel airbags were made standard across the range, a move not echoed by arch-rival Vauxhall's Corsa until November 2000. Major structural improvements were made to improve safety, as well as a new immobiliser being fitted to petrol models. The UK trim line-up was also simplified to Fiesta, LX, Si (which also boasted a new bumper and seat designs) and Ghia. Revised door mirrors were also fitted, as were a line-up of fresh wheel trim designs.

As for sports models, 1992 saw the RS Turbo being supplanted by the RS1800 — as the CVH engine was being phased out, the RS1800 shared its 1.8 L Zetec Fuel-injected engine with the 130 PS (128.2 hp/95.6 kW) version of the then-current Ford Escort XR3i and had a top speed of 125 mph (200 km/h). The XR2i name was also dropped in early 1994, and the insurance-friendly "Si" badge appeared in its place on a slightly less sporty-looking model with either the 1.4 L PTE (a development of the CVH) or the 1.6 L Zetec engine.

Trim levels were again revised in October 1995, to coincide with the introduction of the Mk4 Fiesta: the range was marketed as the "Fiesta Classic" from 1995 until production finally ceased in 1997.

Mk3 specifications

Engine type(s) Straight-4: Petrol, Ford Kent/HCS (Overhead valve), Ford CVH (OHC), Ford Zetec (OHC), & Diesel (OHC)
Capacity 999–1796 cc (61.0-107.0 CID)
Power 45 –133 hp
Max. speed 86-129 mph 139–205 km/h
Acceleration 0–60 mph: 19.0–7.9 seconds


Mk4 (1995–1999): Major restyle

Ford Fiesta Mk4
FordFiestaMk4.jpg
Also calledMazda 121, Mazda Soho
Production1995–1999
AssemblyAlmussafes, Spain
Dagenham, United Kingdom
Cologne, Saarlouis, Germany
São Bernardo do Campo , Brazil
PredecessorFord Fiesta Mk3
SuccessorFord Fiesta Mk5
Car body style3-door Hatchback
5-door Hatchback
Automobile platformFord B platform
Internal combustion enginePetrol:
Kent/Endura-E:
1299 cc (79.3 CID) 50-60 Horsepower;
Zetec-SE:
1242 cc (75.8 CID) 75 PS,
1388 cc (84.7 CID) 90 PS;
Diesel:
1753 cc (107.0 CID) 60 PS;
Endura-D:
1753 cc (107.0 CID) 75 PS
Transmission (mechanics)Ford IB5 5-speed Manual transmission,
Continuously variable transmission

The Mk4 (internal code name was BE91) was launched in 1995 and became United Kingdom best selling car from 1996 to 1998.

Essentially a re-skin of the previous model, with the doors of the five-door version carried over, this car featured many Italian design influences, including a recessed dashboard on the passenger side, as popularised by Alfa Romeos. The model used the chassis of Mk3 car, but most components were heavily revised, including a new Suspension (vehicle) system, which gave the Fiesta one of the best handling abilities in its class.

The model featured a range of new Zetec engines, available in 1.25 L and 1.4 L forms, the 1.8 diesel engine was slightly modified for the Mk4, now marketed as the "Endura DE". The 1.3 L OHV engine was carried over from the Mk3. As well as the major changes to the chassis, the Mk4 also benefited from a new interior and exterior styling, including a soft painted instrument panel for the first year of production, albeit maintaining a similar dimensions to the Mk3. The Mk4 Fiesta shared a production line and design with the Mazda 121, which sold in much lower volumes and was not produced for the British market after 1999.

In Brazil a 1.0-litre version was available, in L, LX and GL trim levels; it was sold in Argentina and Chile. The UK trim level line up had relatively few changes over the years: (1995, Encore, LX, Si, Ghia; 1996, Ghia X added as range-topper; 1998, Si replaced by Zetec, petrol LX models briefly renamed Zetec LX, Ghia X models axed; 1999, Finesse added between Encore and Zetec).

The Mk4 was not sold in North America. The German-built Ford Puma was based on the Mk4, sharing its underpinnings. For this reason the 1.7 VCT engine from the Ford Puma has become an extremely popular engine swap into the Mk4 and the Mk5 fiesta. Thus giving the popular hatchback an extra 100cc's over the previous largest engine size available, variable cam timing and better ratio gearbox while still retaining a factory finish as all components are a direct swap.

Mk4 specifications

Engine type(s) Straight-4: Petrol, Ford Kent/Endura-E (Overhead valve), Zetec-SE (OHC), & Diesel (OHC)
Capacity Petrol (Gasoline): 1242–1596 cc (75.8-84.7 CID) Diesel: 1753 cc (107.0 CID)
Power 59–91 hp
Max. speed 96-112mph mph (155-183 km/h)
Acceleration 0-62 mph -
1.25l: 11.9 s
1.4l: 10.8 s
1.8D: 14.7 s
1.8D: 16.2 s

1.4 Zetec 9.6

Fuel efficiency 38-46 mpg-UK (32-38 mpg-US or 7.4-6.1 L/100 km)

Mk5 (1999–2002)

Ford Fiesta Mk5
Ford fiesta mk5.jpg 2000 Ford Fiesta Mk5
Also calledFord Ikon
Production1999–2002
AssemblyAlmussafes, Spain
Dagenham, United kingdom
Cologne, Saarlouis, Germany
São Bernardo do Campo, Brazil
PredecessorFord Fiesta Mk4
SuccessorFord Fiesta Mk6
Car body style3-door Hatchback
5-door Hatchback
Automobile platformFord B platform
Internal combustion enginePetrol:
Kent/Endura-E:
1299 cc (79.3 CID) 50-60 Horsepower;
Zetec-SE:
1242 cc (75.8 CID) 75 PS,
1388 cc (84.7 CID) 90 PS,
1596 cc (97.4 CID) 100 PS;
Diesel:
1753 cc (107.0 CID) 60 PS;
Endura-D:
1753 cc (107.0 CID) 75 PS
Transmission (mechanics)Ford IB5 5-speed Manual transmission,
Continuously variable transmission

In 1999, the Fiesta received a minor face lift aimed at giving the car a New Edge look, with a Focus-inspired face, new bumpers and wheel designs. Other changes include:

  • A 1.6i 16V Zetec engine, fitted to the new Zetec S model, and later available in Ghia and Freestyle trims.
  • New features such as side airbags and (after launch) the reintroduction of leather trim
  • An environmentally-friendly 'E-Diesel' model for 2001, with CO2 emissions of 120g/km.
  • the Lynx 1.8TDdi engine (also introduced after launch)

The MK5 was the last generation of Fiesta to be built at Dagenham in England. Its internal code name was still BE91. The UK trim level line-up consisted of: 1999, Encore, Finesse, Zetec, LX, Ghia; 2000, Zetec S added; 2001, E-Diesel added at bottom of range, Flight and Freestyle respectively replace Finesse and Zetec.

The Zetec S

The Zetec S was the highest Fiesta trim, and although its 1.6 16v Sigma engine was available in other Fiestas (such as the Freestyle) the Zetec S pushed out 102bhp, and had major alterations to the suspension, with stiffer anti-roll bars.

The Zetec S was never developed for outright straight line speed. The main aim of the Fiesta is its cornering ability.

The Zetec S Mk5 has a sizeable following, with many websites dedicated to the vehicle. Most noteably is ZSOC, the Zetec S Owners Club (www.zsoc.com).

There is also a sizeable tuning culture devoted to this cause, with reputable companies such as Milltek Sport, and Shawspeed, developing performance parts Solely for the sigma engine.

To date, it has been proven that 120bhp is an easy task, and that 160bhp is achievable.

This model formed the basis of the Ford Ikon (code name C195), which is a four-door Saloon (car) designed for India, where Ford was now producing cars in a joint venture with Mahindra. The Ikon was also introduced in other developing countries, such as Brazil (where it is known as the Fiesta Sedan (car)), South Africa, Mexico and China, where saloons (Sedan (car)) are preferred to Hatchback. They are extremely reliable, and became one of Ford's successes.

The Fiesta was still Britain's best-selling supermini in 2001, by which time it was making use of a design over a decade old (though heavily updated visually and mechanically). In three-door form, it was sold alongside the Mk6 Fiesta from April to December 2002.

Mk5 specifications

Engine type(s) Straight-4: Petrol, Ford Kent/Endura-E (Overhead valve), Zetec-SE (OHC), & Diesel (OHC)
Capacity Petrol (Gasoline): 1242–1596 cc (75.8-84.7 CID) Diesel: 1753 cc (107.0 CID)
Power 59–102 hp
Max. speed 95–113 mph (153-182 km/h)
Acceleration 0–60 mph: 16.9–9.9 seconds
Fuel efficiency 38–53 mpg-UK (32-52 mpg-US or 7.4-4.6 L/100 km)


Mk6 (2002–2006): Third generation

Ford Fiesta Mk6
Ford Fiesta 2003 RF 14dec2006.jpg 2003 Ford Fiesta Mk6
Production2002–2008
AssemblyAlmussafes, Spain
Cologne, Saarlouis, Germany
Camaçari, Brazil
PredecessorFord Fiesta Mk5
SuccessorFord Fiesta Mk7 (released Fall 2006)
Car body style3-door Hatchback
5-door Hatchback
Automobile platformFord B3 platform
Internal combustion enginePetrol:
Duratec:
1299 cc (79.3 CID) 60 Horsepower;
Zetec-SE:
1242 cc (75.8 CID) 75 PS,
1398 cc (79.3 CID) 80 PS ,
1596 cc (97.4 CID)100 PS;
Duratec 20:
1998 cc (121.9 CID)150 PS;
Diesel:
Duratorq DLD-414
1398 cc (79.3 CID) TDCi 68 PS;
Duratorq DLD-416
1560 cc (95.2 CID) TDCi 90 PS (2005-on)
Transmission (mechanics)Ford IB5 5-speed Manual transmission,
4-speed Automatic transmission
Wheelbase2,486 mm (97.9 in)
Length3,918–3,924 mm (154.3–154.5 in)
Width1,685 mm (66.3 in)
Height1,464–1,468 mm (57.6–57.8 in)
Curb weight1,096–1,178 kg (2,420–2,600 lb)
RelatedFord Fusion, Ford Ecosport, Mazda2

In September 2002, the all new third-generation car was unveiled, with no genetic links to the 1976 original. Of this Mk6 Fiesta, most engines were carried over from the previous Fiesta, but renamed "Duratec" with the "Zetec" tag used for the sportier models in place of the previous Si. Trim levels available initially were Finesse, LX, Zetec and Ghia, with limited edition variants soon following. The Mk6 was also the first Fiesta to feature the Anti-lock Braking System and passenger Airbags as standard.

Engines available include 1.25 L, 1.3 L, 1.4 L, 1.6 L, 2.0 L petrol (gasoline), plus 1.4 8v and 1.6 16v Duratorq TDCi common-rail diesels built in a joint venture with PSA Peugeot Citroën.

In Brazil, the engine options include 1.0 L 8v, 1.0 L 8v Supercharged (95 hp, not sold any more in Brazil, though still assembled and exported to Colombia), as well as a Brazilian specific 1.6 L 8v alcohol/gasoline (110 hp) "RoCam" flexible-fuel version. The internal codename of this model is B256 (5-door) and B257 (3-door). The South American-market Fiesta was facelifted in early 2007 as a 2008 model, with new rectangular headlights and grille.

The Ford Fiesta ST is the performance variant of the new Fiesta, capable of speeds of up to 130 mph (210 km/h) and hopes to relive the success of the XR2. To differ it from the standard Fiesta, it also has visual enhancements, including 17" alloy wheels, different front and rear bumpers, side skirts, body colour handles and bump strips, partial leather seats and a ST logo on the steering wheel. The ST version features a 2.0L Duratec Four-stroke cycle, which produces 150 PS (147.9 hp/110.3 kW) in standard form.

In Australia, the Fiesta ST is sold as the Fiesta XR4. Like all Euro sporty Fords sold in Australia, they all use the 'XR' badging, instead of the 'ST' badging used in Europe.

This was also the first Fiesta to be sold in Asia and Australasia (all 1.6 L LX 3dr/5dr, Zetec 3dr, Ghia 5dr), replacing the Kia-based Festiva. In Brazil and Argentina, a Fiesta Saloon (car) version was introduced in late 2004. A similar Fiesta Saloon (car) model, with a different front end, was released in India in late 2005. Although the Mk6 Fiesta was Ergonomical and mechanically more advanced than any previous Fiesta generation, it was criticized for being too dull and 'heavy' looking. However, the Mk6 facelift came with an improved exterior.

In 2002, it was the fifth best selling new car in the UK, but was pushed down to third place in the supermini charts by the Vauxhall Corsa and Peugeot 206, not claiming top spot in its sector until 2006.

The Fiesta is one of Brazil's best-selling vehicles, selling around 5,000 units per month. From September 2002 to April 2007, more than 336,000 units have been sold, outselling its competitors: Chevrolet Corsa (183,000 in the same period) and Renault Clio (122,267). Ford Brazil also makes a Fiesta Sedan, which has sold 113,000 units since its launch in 2004.

Mk6 facelift Revision (2005 –): Facelift & moderate revisions

2007 Front Facelift Fiesta Zetec-S
2007 Rear Facelift Fiesta Zetec-S
2005 Ford Fiesta ST

In November 2005, a revised version of the Mk6 Fiesta went on sale. Also known as the Mk6.5. A number of cosmetic changes were introduced: front and rear lights featured new detailing (known as nipple lights), and bumpers, side mouldings and door mirrors were altered. A bright new colour palette was introduced.

Inside, the dashboard featured both a new design and better quality soft touch materials, following criticisms of the hard, cheaply textured original. A new analogue instrument display features in a style similar to the Mk 2 Ford Focus.

New technology was made available, including power folding mirrors, automatic and 'home-safe' headlights, automatic windscreen wipers, Bluetooth with voice control, Trip computer, MP3 player connectivity and the Electronic Stability Program.

The changes had immediate effects on sales. After years being outsold by Vauxhall's Corsa, among others, in February 2006 Ford announced sales in the preceding month were up 25% on January 2005 for the previous model. Furthermore, the Fiesta captured the title of Britain's most popular supermini in both 2006 and 2007, for the first time since 2001. [5]

In the United Kingdom, the car is available in Studio, Style, Style Climate, Zetec Climate, Zetec S, ST and Ghia trim levels.

In 2007, more limited editions were added — the Fiesta Zetec Blue, and (following on from the hugely successful Fiesta Zetec S 30th Anniversary), the Fiesta Zetec S Celebration. In 2008, following in this tradition, the Fiesta Zetec S Red was added, as well as an ST500 model.

Mk6 specifications

Engine type(s) Straight-4: Petrol, Duratec (Overhead valve), Zetec-SE & Duratec 20 (OHC), & Diesel, Duratorq DLD-414 & Duratorq DLD-416 (OHC)
Capacity 1242–1998 cc (75.8-121.9 CID)
Power 60–150 hp
Max. speed 94-129 mph (151–208 km/h)
Acceleration 0–60 mph: 7.9-18.9 seconds

Advertising

Since the launch of the 2005+ model, the advertising motto has been "StupidDogbot, CleverFiesta", with the car showing a new gadget, while the robotic dog does something stupid; e.g. the Fiesta showing MP3 connectivity, while the Dogbot sticks its head into an old record player.

The September 2008 advert for the UK-spec Fiesta used Transient by Pluxus as backing track.

Strategy for India

While Fiesta continued to impress people all over the globe, Ford had different plans for the Indian market. Ford engineers in Melbourne, Australia, designed a car from scratch specifically for the Indian market and badged it as Fiesta (2005).

This sedan was sold with two engine options, 1.4 Diesel (TDCI) and 1.4/1.6 Petrol. The 1.6 Petrol version was marketed for its acceleration and performance to keep it competitive with other car makers. The Diesel version saw much success as its main selling point was the fuel efficiency. Ford test delivered a whopping 30+Km/L. Since cost of fuel was rising this was the right time for Ford to showcase its turbocharged direct-injection diesel technology. Ford claims to have sold more diesel variants than its petrol ones.

Recently Ford gave some minor facial uplift to the well sold Fiesta and also reworked on safety features. Dual Airbag was included because the competitors the Suzuki SX4 and Hyundai Verna had this and other safety features.

There are rumors that Ford will shift the super hit 1.4 diesel engine of the Fiesta into the Ikon, a B category sedan from Ford. Fiesta will relaunch with a 1.6 Diesel variant. This will give Ford an edge over Hyundai Verna and Chevrolet Magnum.

Mk7 (2008–): Fourth generation

Ford Fiesta Mk7
Ford Fiesta mk7
Automotive industryFord Motors
Production2008-
AssemblyCologne, Germany
Almussafes, Spain
PredecessorFord Fiesta Mk6
SuccessorFord Fiesta Mk8 (Coming 2012)
Car body style3-door Hatchback
5-door Hatchback
4-door Saloon
Automobile platformFord global B-car platform
RelatedFord Fusion, Ford Ecosport, Mazda2

The Mk7 Fiesta was shown in concept form as the Ford Verve at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 2007. This sparked rumours that Ford was considering replacing the Fiesta name with Verve, but recent press reports claim that replacing the name was never an option as the Fiesta badge has such a strong identity. The car is already on sale in principal European markets including Germany [6] and Great Britain. It shares its platform with the Mazda 2.

Ford intends this to be a truly global vehicle, going on sale in Europe, the Far East, and North America. It will become available in North America in 2010[1] where it will be built at at Ford’s Cuautitlán plant located in Mexico.[7] It will be sold to the American market as a 2011 model.[8] Recently it was announced that the Mk7 Fiesta will be built by AutoAlliance Thailand, a factory of both Ford and Mazda for Ford Australia. The new Ford Fiesta will be available in Australia in January 2009. Ford announced in August 2008 that Fiesta production had began in the Cologne plant [9] and in January 2009 at the Almussafes plant in Valencia, Spain. [10] Also in January, Fiesta was added to the production roster at the Chang'an Ford Mazda plant in Nanjing, China.[11]

The production version of the new Ford Fiesta was revealed on 14 February 2008 and shown at the Geneva Motor show in March 2008. The car features Ford's 'kinetic' design direction, now seen across the Ford range. It is lighter and stronger than the current Ford Fiesta, with similar dimensions.

Ford's Convers+ menu system, as seen on the Mondeo, S-MAX and Galaxy and complemented by steering wheel button controls, will be available for the first time. Ford anticipates that more than 85 per cent of Fiesta orders will feature such a multifunction display. Also available for the first time will be keyless entry with 'Ford Power' starter button, reach and rake adjustable steering wheel and a USB port for portable music players. Ford Easyfuel, the capless refuelling system recently introduced with the Ford Mondeo designed to prevent accidental misfuelling, will also feature, and 'ambient lighting,' casting a soft red glow over the interior, will also be an option.

Ford has also revealed the engine line-up for the new Fiesta: both 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp) and 82 PS (60 kW; 81 hp) 1.25-litre, 96 PS (71 kW; 95 hp) 1.4-litre and 120 PS (88 kW; 118 hp) 1.6 Ti-VCT (Twin independent Variable Camshaft Timing) Ford Sigma petrol engines; and reworked versions of the current Fiesta's 68 PS (50 kW; 67 hp) 1.4TDCi and 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) 1.6TDCi diesel engines. Both a five-speed manual and a four-speed automatic transmissions will be available, the former standard on all engines and the latter optional with the 1.4 petrol engine. The US-market version of the new Fiesta will offer Ford's "Powershift" dual-clutch transmission. Electric power assisted steering (E-PAS) is also introduced to the Fiesta for the first time; this differs from the standard hydraulic system as it does not operate when not needed, increasing fuel economy.

UK trim levels for the new Fiesta have now been revealed, progressing through Studio, Style, Style+, Zetec, Zetec S and Titanium. All models will include powered door mirrors.

Motor Trend called the new generation of Fiesta a "superb little car" whose "greatest problem is that it's still a year away"[12], a reference to the fact that the Fiesta won't arrive in the USA until late 2009. British magazine Auto Express called the car a "new class leader"; UK's Car Magazine said it was a "huge achievement" which will "please just about everyone".[13] The February 2009 issue of Britain's prestigious What Car? magazine named the new Fiesta "Car of the Year" and the Ford Mondeo "Best Family Car" and "Best Estate."[14]

The new Ford Fiesta was featured on episode 6 of Top Gear (series 12) of Top Gear (current format) in a series of "serious" road tests, from escaping 'baddies' in a shopping mall, to participating in an amphibious beach assault with the Royal Marines.

ECOnetic model

Ford have also revealed details of an ECOnetic model, which Ford states will emit 98g/km of Carbon dioxide. Driven by the 90 PS 1.6TDCi diesel engine, the Fiesta ECOnetic achieves its environmental credentials through weight loss and aerodynamic adjustments. This would exempt the car from UK Vehicle Excise Duty. The ECOnetic will arrive in Europe a few months after other new Fiesta models go on sale in late 2008. The ECOnetic will get a fuel consumption (United States Environmental Protection Agency estimated) 65 miles per US gallon (3.6 L/100 km; 78 mpg-imp).

The model will not be available in the United States because, as Business Week noted, the company "doesn't believe it could charge enough to make money on an imported ECOnetic" and doesn't think it would sell enough of the model (350,000/year) to justify the $350 million in upgrades required at their Mexico plant in order to manufacture it in North America.[15]

Motorsport

Rallying

Ford Fiesta Group N rally car
Ford Fiesta Rally car.JPG Ford Fiesta Rally car Group N in Rally Japan 2007, No.102 Kodue Oi.
Automotive industryFord Motors and M-Sport

Two Ford Fiestas famously starred in the 1979 Monte Carlo rally — the United Kingdom entry driven by Roger Clark and aided by co-driver Jim Porter, and a Germany entry piloted by Ari Vatanen and co-driven by David Richards (racing).

Both cars were highly modified with special motorsport components throughout and featured pioneering Limited Slip Differential (LSD) Technology. The cars were powered by competition tuned versions of the 1600 cc Kent crossflow engine — a later version of which appeared in the Mk1 Fiesta XR2.

The 2 cars worked well in the arduous ice and snow that year. Roger Clark did not set any records but the German car achieved 9th position overall — a very encouraging result which sparked demand for sportier Fiestas.

Since this there have been sporting and "Hot hatch" editions. Versions include Supersport, XR2, S(Sport), XR2i, Si, RS Turbo, RS1800, Zetec S, Zetec RS, and ST. All of these were powered by a range of engines from the Ford Kent engine to the Ford Duratec engine.

The Ford RallyeConcept in 2002 and Fiesta JWRC. Ford RallyeConcept has been realised through an intensely close collaboration between Ford RallyeSport, the motorsport experts behind the Puma Super 1600 and the Focus World Rally Championship rally cars, and Ford Design Europe, the creative team responsible for the new three-door Fiesta on which the RallyeConcept is based. Ford RallyeConcept’s marriage of the motorsport engineer’s objective for performance functionality with the eye for detail of the designer has been so effective that Ford has committed to an engineering development programme to bring a Fiesta-based rally car to reality. Aiming for FIA homologation by the summer of 2003, Ford RallyeSport is hoping that it will become Ford’s next success story in national and international rallying. Fiesta Super 1600 debut Rally Greece 2004.

The "Fiesta Sporting Trophy" is a One Make Championship; beginning its 1st season in March 2006. It combines keen competition with equal performance and leaves the decision about winning or losing to the drivers and co-drivers capabilities. The driver, co-driver and mechanics work as a team to compete against the toughest adversary of all — the clock.

The Fiesta Sporting Trophy will be based around the Fiesta ST Group N car. The car has 165 PS (162.7 hp/121.4 kW) from the 2-litre Duratec ST engine which when combined with the conversion kit from M-Sport, has been designed to provide all of the safety equipment and performance upgrades to enable the car to be competitive and reliable at any event around the world.

In March 2007, the Pirtek Rally Team introduced the Ford Fiesta Super 2000 rally car, which will compete in the Australian Rally Championship.

Fiesta ST Group N specifications

Engine: 1999 cc (122.0 CID) Duratec engine. Four cylinders in line, DOHC, 16 valves, alloy cylinder head and block.
Electronic multipoint fuel injection.
Power (physics): 165 PS (162.7 hp/121.4 kW) at 5800 rpm
Torque: 202 N·m (149 lb·ft) at 4500 rpm
Transmission (mechanics): Five-speed 'dog' engagement gearkit fitted to standard ST road car casing.
Upgraded driveshafts fitted as standard. Plated LSD.
Suspension (vehicle): Upgraded suspension of ST road car includes revised front knuckles and strengthened twist beam rear axle.
Reiger dampers, adjustable for rebound, and revised spring rates. Uprated suspension bushes.
Brakes: Standard ST road car front and rear disc brakes.
Wheel: Gravel: 15-inch OZ Racing wheels

Asphalt: 17-inch OZ Racing wheels Wheels manufactured in both Super T and Rally Racing style.

Frame (vehicle): Multipoint roll cage designed by M-Sport, complying with FIA regulations.
Includes three X braces in rear and twin tube door bars with no cross-over.
Electronics: 'Piggy back' loom supplements standard loom.
Includes electronic circuit breaker and wiring for additional requirements.
Fuel tank: Standard 45-litre (Convert/impgal U.S.gal) tank with Kevlar composite moulded guard.
Dimensions: Length: 3921 mm (154.4 in).
Width: 1683 mm (66.3 in).
Height: 1468 mm (57.8 in).
Wheelbase: 2486 mm (97.9 in).

Circuit racing

In the United Kingdom, the Fiesta is commonly used in numerous club level motorsport series but has its national one-make series called the Ford Fiesta Championship. During its peak in the 1980s and 1990s it had manufacturer support and it even was a support race to the British Grand Prix and numerous British Touring Car Championship rounds. The series has gone through numerous name changes including Ford Credit Fiesta Championship, Ford Fiesta Zetec Championship and BRSCC Ford Si Challenge and is nowadays run by the BRSCC (British Racing Sports Car Club) as a club racing championship. The organisation also run the other series that consists of Fiestas.[16]

  • Ford XR Challenge, for XR2 and XR2i models, also consists of the Escort XR models.[16]
  • Ford Saloon Championship, mainly for a wider range of Ford models but fiestas are mostly seen in clases C and E with a Mk 4 example winning the title outright in 2006 at the hands of Ollie Allen.[16]

Awards

  • Winner of UK Design Council Efficiency Award for "exemplary contribution to the reduction of running and Car maintenance costs" in 1978. The award was presented by Prince Philip.
  • Winner Australia's Best Small Car in 2004.
  • Winner of Business Standard Motoring Jury Award, 2006.
  • What Car? Best Used Supermini car for 2006 - 1.4 Zetec 3dr 2003 - Runner Up Toyota Yaris 1.0 T2 3dr 2003.
  • Winner of Brazilian Auto Esporte magazine Car of the Year in 2005 (Fiesta Sedan).
  • Named Scottish Car of the Year 2008 at the 11th annual Association of Scottish Motoring Writers (ASMW) awards dinner in St Andrew's, Scotland.
  • Named 'Car of the Year 1989' by Britain's What Car? magazine
  • Named 'Car of the Year 2009' by Britain's What Car? magazine [17]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Christine Tierney (2008-02-14). "Ford Fiesta makes a comeback". The Detroit News. http://www.detnews.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080214/UPDATE/802140510/1148/AUTO01. Retrieved on 2008-02-15. 
  2. "Ford Confirms Fiesta Production, Hatchback Plans". Auto Trends. 2008-06-01. http://www.autotrends.org/ford-confirms-fiesta-production-hatchback-plans/. Retrieved on 2008-06-03. 
  3. STILL GOING STRONG, FORD’S YOUTHFUL-SPIRITED FIESTA IS CELEBRATING ITS 30TH BIRTHDAY
  4. "Quantum 2+2". Quantum Sports Cars Ltd.. http://www.quantumcars.co.uk/showroom/2plus2/. Retrieved on 2008-02-15. 
  5. "New car sales 2007: The results". motortrader.com. 2008-01-07. http://www.motortrader.com/26406/New-car-sales-2007-The-results.ehtml. Retrieved on 2008-02-15. 
  6. ADAC motorwelt Heft 9 (September 2008) Seite 38. Muenchen. 
  7. "Ford Fiesta production to begin in early 2010; European hatch back added for North America". Ford Motor Company. 2008-05-30. http://www.ford.com/about-ford/news-announcements/press-releases/press-releases-detail/pr-ford-fiesta-production-to-begin-in-28337. Retrieved on 2008-10-10. 
  8. "Introducing the 2011 Ford Fiesta". Ford Motor Company. http://www.fordvehicles.com/2011fiesta/. 
  9. Cologne plant begins pumping out 2009 Ford Fiesta
  10. [1]
  11. http://www.automotiveworld.com/WVMA/content.asp?contentid=73896
  12. Horrell, Paul (November 2008), "Small Minded", Motor Trend 60 (11): 44–50 
  13. [2]
  14. http://www.media.ford.com/article_display.cfm?article_id=29750
  15. The 65 mpg Ford the U.S. Can't Have, a September 2008 article from Business Week
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 "BRSCC Ford Championships". http://www.fordracinguk.com/. Retrieved on 2008-02-15. 
  17. http://www.media.ford.com/article_display.cfm?article_id=29750

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