Ford Focus (North America)

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Ford Focus (North America)
2009 Ford Focus Coupe 2.jpg
Automotive industryFord Motor Company
Production2000–present
PredecessorFord Escort (United States & Canada)
Car classificationCompact car
Automobile layoutFF layout
Automobile platformFord C170 platform
Transmission (mechanics)4-speed Automatic transmission
5-speed Manual transmission 6-speed manual (SVT)

The Ford Focus is a Compact car sold in the North American market. It was introduced in 1999 as a 2000 Model year as a replacement for the Ford Escort and the Mercury Tracer. It received a Revamp for the 2005 Model year, and the second generation was introduced for the 2008 Model year. Sales in the United States for calendar-year 2007 comprised 173,213 units, [1] making it the #3 best-selling domestic-nameplate car (behind the Chevrolet Impala and Chevrolet Cobalt), #9 best-selling of all cars and #16 best-selling vehicle, according to Reuters Top-20 U.S. Vehicle Sales Scorecard.

The first generation Focus was sold in Sedan (car), 3-door and 5-door Hatchback, and Wagon configurations. The second generation Focus was released in Sedan (car) and Coupe versions, dropping the Hatchback and Station wagon versions.

Contents

First generation (2000–2007)


First generation
2001 Ford Focus wagon Street Edition
Production2000-2007
AssemblyWayne, Michigan, USA
Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico
Car body style3-door Hatchback
4-door Sedan (car)
5-door Hatchback
5-door Station wagon
Internal combustion engine2.0L 110 hp (82 kW) I4 engine, 2.0L 130 hp (97 kW) I4 engine, 2.0L 136 hp (101 kW) I4 engine, 2.0L 170 hp (130 kW) I4 engine, 2.3L 151 hp (113 kW) I4 engine
Wheelbase102.9 in (2,614 mm) (2005-2007)
103 in (2,616 mm) (2000-2004)
Length168.1 in (4,270 mm) (2000-2004 hatchbacks)
168.5 in (4,280 mm) (2005-2007 hatchbacks)
174.9 in (4,442 mm) (SE)
175.2 in (4,450 mm) (ZX4)
178.2 in (4,526 mm) (2000-2004 wagon)
178.4 in (4,531 mm) (2005-2007 wagon)
Width66.7 in (1,694 mm) (2005-2007)
66.9 in (1,699 mm) (2000-2004)
Height56.3 in (1,430 mm) (2000-2004 hatchback & sedan)
56.8 in (1,443 mm) (2005-2007 hatchback & sedan)
53.9 in (1,369 mm) (2000-2004 wagon)
57.5 in (1,461 mm) (2005-2007 wagon)
Fuel capacity13.2 US gal (50 L; 11 imp gal)
RelatedFord Focus (International)
2000-2004 Ford Focus SE sedan
2000-2004 Ford Focus SE wagon
2002-2004 Ford Focus ZX5

The Focus was introduced in North America in 1999 as a 2000 model, initially as a 3-door Hatchback (ZX3), 4-door sedan (ZX4) and 5-door wagon (ZXW). A 5-door hatchback (ZX5) version was introduced for the 2002 model year. The cars featured subtle styling differences from the European versions:

  • The front and rear bumpers were larger, with a different design and had side markers.
  • The grille housed the turn signals/running lights.
  • The rear lights were a slightly different design with amber turn lights replaced with red.
  • Reversing lamp was moved from the rear bumper to the European model's rear turn signals space.

Model changes

  • 2001 Model Year (MY) - Optional Electronic stability control (marketed by Ford as "AdvanceTrac") becomes available late in the model year.
  • 2002 MY - Introduction of the ZX5 5-door hatchback. Focus also received Ford's Personal Safety System on all models, as well as optional Power Moonroof and 6-Disc CD Changer.[2]
  • 2003 MY - Centennial Editions were released in celebration of Ford's 100th anniversary. These editions were only available as a four door sedan. The cars came equipped with the ZTS package, as well as an optional sunroof. The model came with Centennial "100" badges on the sides and rear of the vehicle. Only 3000 of these cars were produced, all of them black with ZTS five-spoke rims.
  • 2004 MY - The new 2.3L I4 engine Duratec engine that was only available in select states became available nationwide.[3] Bucking the industry trend, Ford discontinues the Electronic stability control option.[1]
2005 Ford Focus ZX4 SE
  • 2005 MY - The Focus received major design and styling changes, as well as an upgraded 2.0L I4 engine Duratec engine. Also, Ford then released their ST package and discontinued the SVT Focus.[4]

Marketing

After 2005, the North American version was sold in the United States, Canada, Mexico and some Latin America countries, while the newer European version was available in other worldwide markets. The European Focus II replaced the older model Focus in Mexico by early 2007. Unlike previous small Fords in the North American market, including the Pinto, the Escort, no Mercury version was sold. The U.S. Focus is the smallest of Ford's sedans, listed from smallest to largest: Focus, Fusion, Taurus, and Crown Victoria.

Engines

Engines (North American)

Engine Power Torque Found on
2.0 L CVH/SPI 110 hp (82 kW) 125 lb·ft (169 N·m) Standard in LX and SE model sedans through 2004.[5]
2.0 L Zetec 130 hp (97 kW) 135 lb·ft (183 N·m) Standard on ZX3, ZX5, ZTS, and wagon models, and available in SE-model sedans through 2004.[2]
2.0 L Zetec 170 hp (127 kW) 145 lb·ft (197 N·m) Standard on the SVT Focus.[6]
2.3 L Duratec 145 hp (108 kW) 149 lb·ft (202 N·m) Standard on all cars sold in 2003 and 2004 in California, Massachusetts, New York, Vermont, and Maine; optional in other US states.[3]
2.0 L Duratec 136 hp (101 kW) 136 lb·ft (184 N·m) Standard on the (non-ST) 2005-2007 Focus.[4]
2.0 L Duratec 140 hp (100 kW) 136 lb·ft (184 N·m) Standard on all models 2008+ Focus.[7]
2.3 L Duratec 151 hp (113 kW) 154 lb·ft (209 N·m) Standard on the 2005-2007 Focus ST.[4]

Transmissions

  • 5-speed MTX-75 Manual transmission
  • 6-speed Getrag manual (SVT)
  • 5-speed IB5 (CVH/SPI Engine only)
  • 4-speed 4F27E Automatic transmission (Zetec, Duratec, SPI)

Body styles & trims

Year Model Packages
Available
2000 [8] 3-door Hatchback ZX3, Kona Edition[9]
4-door Sedan LX, SE & ZTS
Wagon SE
2001 [5] 3-door Hatchback ZX3, S2
4-door Sedan LX, SE & ZTS, Street Edition[10]
Wagon SE, Street Edition[10]
2002 [2] 3-door Hatchback ZX3, SVT, S2[11]
4-door Sedan LX, SE & ZTS
Wagon SE & ZTW (New for 2002 MY)
5-door Hatchback
(New for 2002 MY)
ZX5
2003 [12] 3-door Hatchback ZX3, SVT
4-door Sedan LX, SE, ZTS, & Centennial Edition
Wagon SE & ZTW
5-door Hatchback ZX5 in Base, SVT, Comfort
& Premium (New for 2003 MY)
2004 [3] 3-door Hatchback ZX3, SVT
4-door Sedan LX, SE & ZTS
Wagon SE & ZTW
5-door Hatchback ZX5 in Base, SVT, Comfort
& Premium
2005 [4] ZX4 (4-door Sedan) S, SE, SES & ST
ZX3 (3-door Hatchback) S, SE & SES
ZXW (Wagon)
ZX5 (5-door Hatchback)
2006 [13] ZX4 (4-door Sedan) S, SE, SES & ST
ZX3 (3-door Hatchback) S, SE & SES
ZXW (Wagon)
ZX5 (5-door Hatchback)
2007 [7] ZX4 (4-door Sedan) S, SE, SES & ST
ZX3 (3-door Hatchback) S, SE & SES
ZXW (Wagon)
ZX5 (5-door Hatchback)

Second generation (2008-2010)


Second generation
2008 Ford Focus SE sedan
Production2008-2010
AssemblyWayne, Michigan, USA
Car body style4-door Sedan (car)
2-door Coupe
Internal combustion engine2.0 L Duratec I4 engine
Wheelbase102.9 in (2614 mm)
Length175 in (4445 mm)
WidthCoupe: 67.9 in (1725 mm)
Sedan: 67.8 in (1722 mm)
Height58.6 in (1488 mm)
Curb weightCoupe:MT 2,588 lb (1,174 kg)
Coupe:AT 2,617 lb (1,187 kg)
Sedan:MT 2,623 lb (1,190 kg)
Sedan:AT 2,642 lb (1,198 kg)
Fuel capacity13.0 US gal (49 L; 11 imp gal)
2008 Ford Focus S coupe

For Model year 2008 the Focus was completely restyled, including Ford's signature bar grill design. It was unveiled at the 2007 North American International Auto Show. A two-door Coupe is offered for the first time in addition to the 4-door Sedan (car). 3-door and 5-door Hatchbacks as well as the Station wagon were dropped. The interior was drastically redesigned, implementing Ford's "Ice Blue" lighting for the first time. It also features a message center on the top of the dashboard, which displays radio information.

According to Design Head Lon Zaback, the new Focus "appears to be a little bit shorter and have shorter overhangs. It has a much more sporty appearance because of some of the proportional things we did with it."[14] New features include ambient lighting, new seats, brushed aluminum dashboards, and the new Ford Sync to integrate electronics into the automobile.

The Microsoft designed Sync technology allows Bluetooth connectivity with enabled phones, MP3 player hookups, and voice activation for both calling on Bluetooth synced phone as well as voice-activated browsing of media players, as well as other features for phone connectivity and will also be fully upgradable. Sync is optional equipment on the 2008 Focus SE with an MSRP of $395. It is standard equipment on the 2008 Focus SES. [15]

Optional ambient lighting in the Focus uses LED placed in the front and rear footwells and the cup holders. "The driver or front-seat passenger can choose from seven different colors—red, blue, aqua, purple, white, green and yellow—by cycling through a dash-mounted switch." Standard equipment will include a Tire pressure monitoring system.

The 2.3 liter Duratec engine is discontinued for the redesign, leaving only the 2.0 liter Duratec 20 engine. Power is increased in the 2.0 liter engine, up to 140 hp (104 kW) from 136 hp (101 kW), along with other changes to increase fuel efficiency. The chassis was lightened and stiffened and overall weight is decreased by 30 lb (14 kg) from the previous model. Highway mileage is rated at 35 mpg using the new 2008 United States Environmental Protection Agency standards.[16]

Like many compact cars, demand for the Focus has increased because of high gasoline prices in 2008. The Focus currently takes 7.6 percent of the U.S. small car market. To meet the this increasing demand, Ford increased output for 2008 by 30%.[17]

The IIHS has given the Focus a Good overall rating in the frontal offset crash test and an Acceptable rating in the side impact test. Front and rear side curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags are standard.[18][19]

2009 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) Crash Test Ratings (coupe):[20]

Frontal Driver: 5/5 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg

Frontal Passenger: 5/5 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg

Side Driver: 3/5 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svg

Side Rear Passenger: 3/5 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svg

Rollover: 4/5 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg

2009 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) Crash Test Ratings (sedan):[21]

Frontal Driver: 4/5 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg

Frontal Passenger: 4/5 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg

Side Driver: 5/5 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg

Side Rear Passenger: 4/5 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg

Rollover: 4/5 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg

Year Model Packages
Available
2008 [22] 2-door Coupe S, SE & SES
4-door Sedan S, SE & SES
2009 [23] 2-door Coupe SE & SES
4-door Sedan S, SE, SES & SEL

Third generation (2010)


When the third generation of the International Ford Focus debuts in 2009 or 2010, it will be sold in North America and in all other worldwide markets.[24]

Manufacturing

Presently, Ford uses the Wayne Stamping & Assembly facility for the manufacturing of the Focus. It is located in Wayne, Michigan. The other former facility is located in Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico. The plant in Wayne currently builds all varieties of the car. The Mexican plant used to build the ZX3/ZX5/FocusSVT hatchbacks prior to consolidation of production in Michigan in 2006. That cleared the way to assemble the Ford Fusion, Mercury Milan, and Lincoln Zephyr in Hermosillo.

Racing

NASA Spec Focus Series.

Besides rallying, the Focus is also used in the National Auto Sport Association Spec Focus(SF). A Focus was once used in the Sports Car Club of America Speed World Challenge Touring Car Championship.

The Focus is also gaining popularity in Rally racing, partially due to the NASA Rally Spec Focus program.

Alternative propulsion

Hydrogen powered Focus sedan

There is a Ford Focus Fuel Cell Vehicle (FCV).

Body styles

On 2005 and 2006 models in the US and Canada, the second generation Focus are coded with a 'ZXx' designation. ie ZX3, ZX4, ZX5, ZXW; these designations have been removed from Ford's website and the call-outs deleted from the liftgates/trunklids of 2007 models.

Performance versions

Special Vehicle Team, or SVT

Ford SVT Focus 3-door
In late 2001, Ford's in-house performance group, known as Special Vehicle Team (SVT), introduced the SVT Focus, essentially a renamed European ST170 Focus, to the United States and Canadian markets for the 2002 model year. Ford billed the SVT Focus as the sportiest offering of the Focus to date. Cosmetically, the exterior included unique front and rear bumpers, side skirts, fog lamps, rear spoiler, rear diffuser and 17" alloy wheels wearing fairly sticky "Y" rated 215/45R17 tires from Continental. The car featured a thoroughly reworked version of the 2.0 liter Zetec engine available in other Focus models. Developed in concert with Cosworth, this engine featured many advanced technologies. Included were a special aluminum cylinder head with enlarged intake ports, high compression pistons and forged connecting rods, piston oil squirters, solenoid operated variable camshaft timing on the intake cam, dual stage intake manifold, and a 4-2-1 tubular exhaust header.

These additions, coupled with an increased 10.2:1 compression ratio, bumped horsepower from 130 to 170 while still achieving good fuel economy and low emissions. Ford went to Germany manufacturer Getrag to provide a six-speed manual transmission which is shared with the Mini Cooper S. This transmission was a twin layshaft design and included a dual mass flywheel to eliminate vibration. Other changes to complete the package included sharper steering through an increased boost ratio in the steering rack, larger disc brakes on all four corners and stiffened suspension with larger anti-roll bars. Inside the car was offered with several leather bits including seats, and steering wheel. The shifter knob, emergency-brake handle, and their respective boots are also in black leather. Options included a powered glass sunroof, 8 speaker Audiophile sound system with 8" sub-woofer, a cold weather package with heated seats, traction control, a 115V block heater, and heated side mirrors and, for 2003 and 2004 models, HID xenon headlamps.

Ford SVT Focus 5-door
In 2003 the SVT was offered in the 5-door bodystyle and an all new European Appearance Package for 3-doors only. It included all available options plus full leather Recaro seats and 15 spoke dark argent colored wheels. The exterior was available in two new colors, Screamin' Yellow and Competition Orange. The only option the 5-door did not include were the sideskirts. In 2004, its final year of production, the Euro package was available in the 5-door model as well. Also the 5 spoke wheels were no longer available and a 6 spoke design was the replacement.

2005-2007 ZX4 ST The North American SVT Focus was discontinued in 2004. Its replacement is the ZX4 ST sedan, which has a 2.3 litre, 151 hp (113 kW) (154 ft·lbf (209 N·m) (SAE) Torque) Duratec driving a 5 speed MTX-75 Manual transmission with reverse lock-out. While horsepower is down from the SVT, acceleration is only slightly affected due to the higher differential ratio. The 2005 ST had the same dampers and stabilizer bars that the SVT used, but with significantly softer springs. The ST has a unique interior and 16" wheels. It is also equipped with a spoiler, color-keyed fascia, and 4-wheel Anti-lock braking system. Handling balance is roughly the same as that of the SVT but has a milder ride due to the softer springs and generates less grip due to the narrower 205/50R16 all season tires. The 2005 ST included everything from the SES package with additional options such as heated seats, heated mirrors, full leather interior, sun/moonroof, and the Audiophile package controlled by a Blaupunkt headunit. 2007 was the final year for the 2.3L engine in the Focus. For the 2006 and 2007 ST's the suspension geometry was changed in an effort to provide a softer ride.

Street Appearance Package (SAP) In 2006 Ford introduced the Street Appearance Package to spice up the aging Ford Focus design. This included two unique front and rear fascia choices. The front fascia included integrated fog lamps and side markers. While the rear offers a rear diffuser in addition to a large Rally Style spoiler. This option was priced at United States dollar1295.

Overall sales and history

Despite its radical styling (the hatchback version in particular), and some controversial safety recalls in North America, the car has been a sales success across the globe, even in the United States, where Ford has traditionally failed to successfully sell its European models. It was elected Car of the Year in 1999. The Focus won the North American Car of the Year award for 2000.

The Focus, unlike the Escort, was never offered in a Panel van body style in the U.S.; however, a commercial Focus is available in Europe.

Reliability

In the US spec models, despite a series of major recalls early in the car's life[25], reliability has steadily been improving.[26] The Focus received a Consumers Digest Best Buy Rating for 2005,[27] an award that takes numerous factors into consideration, including reliability and recall history, although Phil Edmonston still described it as "glitch ridden" up until at least 2004.

Awards

Since its launch in 1998, the first generation Focus has won over 60 awards including 13 Car of the Year awards in both Europe and North America, and more recently, the best Family car ever (Autocar UK 2003). The Focus was on Car and Driver magazine's Car and Driver Ten Best for five consecutive years between 2000 and 2004. Motor Trend magazine had also given the Focus favorable reviews, with comments like "As entry-level sedans go, few can touch Ford's Focus on the fun-to-drive front".[28]

See also

References

  1. Media.Ford.com: CROSSOVERS, LINCOLN HIGHLIGHT FORD’S 2007 SALES PERFORMANCE; FURTHER GROWTH EXPECTED IN 2008
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "2002 Ford Focus Press Kit". http://media.ford.com/products/presskit_display.cfm?vehicle_id=520&press_subsection_id=421&make_id=92. Retrieved on 2007-11-15. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "2004 Ford Focus Press Kit". http://media.ford.com/products/presskit_display.cfm?vehicle_id=941&press_subsection_id=421&make_id=92. Retrieved on 2007-11-15. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "2005 Ford Focus Press Kit". http://media.ford.com/products/presskit_display.cfm?vehicle_id=1056&press_subsection_id=421&make_id=92. Retrieved on 2007-11-15. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "2001 Ford Focus Press Kit". http://media.ford.com/products/presskit_display.cfm?vehicle_id=297&press_subsection_id=421&make_id=92. Retrieved on 2007-11-15. 
  6. "Ford SVT 2004 - SVT Archive". http://www.svt.ford.com/svtArchiveCompareFocus.asp?vehicle_one=focus02&vehicle_two=nothing&vehicle_three=nothing. Retrieved on 2007-11-15. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "2007 Ford Focus Press Kit". http://media.ford.com/products/presskit_display.cfm?vehicle_id=1440&press_subsection_id=421&make_id=92. Retrieved on 2007-11-15. 
  8. "2000 Ford Focus Press Kit". http://media.ford.com/products/presskit_display.cfm?vehicle_id=6&press_subsection_id=421&make_id=92. Retrieved on 2007-11-23. 
  9. "Kona Mountain Bike aligns with Ford Motor Company for Kona Edition Focus". http://media.ford.com/newsroom/release_display.cfm?release=3491. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Ford unveils new limited Street Edition Focus". http://media.ford.com/newsroom/release_display.cfm?release=6225. 
  11. "Ford unveils 2001 Focus S2". http://media.ford.com/article_display.cfm?article_id=7968. 
  12. "2003 Ford Focus Press Kit". http://media.ford.com/products/presskit_display.cfm?vehicle_id=698&press_subsection_id=421&make_id=92. Retrieved on 2007-11-23. 
  13. "2006 Ford Focus Press Kit". http://media.ford.com/products/presskit_display.cfm?vehicle_id=1281&press_subsection_id=421&make_id=92. Retrieved on 2007-11-15. 
  14. "Manufacturing.net: Ford Bets Future On Two Redesigns; Critics Wonder If It's Enough". http://www.manufacturing.net/article.aspx?id=5342&menuid=264. Retrieved on 2007-11-15. 
  15. "MotorTrend.com: Can new software make and old car cool?". http://blogs.motortrend.com/1010087/auto-shows/can-new-software-make-an-old-car-cool/index.html. Retrieved on 2007-11-15. 
  16. "AutoblogGreen: 2008 Ford Focus gets 35 mpg on the highway". http://www.autobloggreen.com/2007/09/17/2008-ford-focus-gets-35-mpg-on-the-highway/. Retrieved on 2007-11-15. 
  17. "Ford increases production of Focus at Wayne Assembly to keep up with rising sales". Media.Ford.com. April 15, 2008. http://media.ford.com/products/press_article_display.cfm?article_id=28057&vehicle_id=1532&make_id=92. Retrieved on 2008-05-08. 
  18. http://www.iihs.org/ratings/rating.aspx?id=869
  19. http://www.iihs.org/ratings/ratingsbyseries.aspx?id=328
  20. http://www.safercar.gov/portal/search?model=7604
  21. http://www.safercar.gov/portal/search?model=7603
  22. "2008 Ford Focus Press Kit". http://media.ford.com/products/presskit_display.cfm?vehicle_id=1532&press_subsection_id=421&make_id=92. Retrieved on 2007-11-15. 
  23. "2009 Ford Focus Press Kit". http://media.ford.com/products/presskit_display.cfm?vehicle_id=1917&press_subsection_id=421&make_id=92. Retrieved on 2008-08-16. 
  24. "GMInsideNews Forums: Big Plans for tiny Focus". http://www.gminsidenews.com/forums/showthread.php?t=38040. Retrieved on 2007-11-15. 
  25. "ConsumerAffairs.com: Ford Focus Setting Recall Record". http://consumeraffairs.com/news02/ford_focus.html. Retrieved on 2007-11-15. 
  26. "ODI - Office of Defects Investigation". http://www-odi.nhtsa.dot.gov/cars/problems/recalls/recallsearch.cfm. Retrieved on 2007-11-15. 
  27. "PRNewswire: Consumers Digest Names Automotive Best Buys for 2005". http://www.prnewswire.com/cgi-bin/stories.pl?ACCT=109&STORY=/www/story/11-01-2004/0002349025&EDATE=. Retrieved on 2007-11-15. 
  28. "MotorTrend.com: 2005 Ford Focus ZX4 ST". http://motortrend.com/roadtests/sedan/112_0408_first_focus/. Retrieved on 2007-11-15. 

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