|Manufacturer||Ford Motor Company|
- See also the Ford Galaxie full-size car of the 1950s and 1960s
- For the Ford Galaxy built in Argentina in the 1990s, see Ford Versailles.
The Ford Galaxy is a large MPV first introduced in 1995.
Galaxy MkI (1995−2000)
|Ford Galaxy (first generation, pre-facelift)|
|Body style(s)||5-door MPV|
|Engine(s)||2.0i DOHC; 2.3i DOHC; 2.8i V6 Petrol Engines. 1.9 TDi with 90 bhp (67 kW) and 110 bhp (82 kW) power outputs|
The first Galaxy was designed and built by AutoEuropa, a joint venture between Ford and the Volkswagen Group, and also sold by Volkswagen as the Volkswagen Sharan and by SEAT as the Alhambra. All three models were built by Autoeuropa at the joint production plant in Palmela, Portugal.
Both Ford and Volkswagen's designs were complete way back in 1992, and there are various photographs of the cars, as they appeard in 1995, in a range of magazines dating from 1992.
The Galaxy uses predominantly Volkswagen mechanicals, most notably the 2.8-litre VR6 petrol engine from the top versions of the VW Golf, as well as VW's 1.9-litre turbodiesel unit. Initially only the 2.0-litre Straight-4 petrol version used a Ford powerplant - this is derived from the Ford I4 DOHC engine. In later years this unit was supplemented by a 2.3-litre 16-valve version first seen in the facelifted Ford Scorpio. This engine was transversially mounted (as with the MKV Escort RS2000) as opposed to longitudinal mounting like in the Ford Scorpio.
All of the VW-sourced engines are supplied with "Ford" rocker covers, despite being of Volkswagen design. All automatic transmissions were VW AG4 boxes, but manual gearboxes on all engines were VXT75 5 speed (modified versions of the trusted Ford MT75 5 speed set-up to suit the transverse engine layout).
The original interior used a mix of both Ford and VW components, using a Golf-derived instrument pack, and most of the switchgear, while the curved fascia moulding was of Ford design, heavily reminiscent of that used in the Ford Mondeo.
Galaxy MkII (2000−2006)
|Ford Galaxy (second generation)|
|Body style(s)||5-door MPV|
|Engine(s)||2.0i DOHC; 2.3i DOHC; 2.8i V6 Petrol Engines. 1.9 TDi with power outputs ranging from 90 bhp (67 kW) to 150 bhp (112 kW)|
A major redesign in 2000 saw the Galaxy distance itself from its VW Group competitors. The car adopted the Ford corporate front end, while the interior benefited from an all-new dash, utilising high-quality materials and a design akin to the third-generation Ford Mondeo, introduced at a similar time as the new Galaxy. Also new engines were available across the range, the newer 24v VR6 along with VW's Pumpe-Düse (pd) TDI engines available in 90 (only on LX models), 115, 130 and 150 bhp (112 kW) forms, these were matched to a 6 speed manual transmission, a 4 speed automatic transmission with manual sequential shift operation and a 5 speed automatic transmission (Auto boxes were only available on 115 PS (113 hp/85 kW) variant).
This version is still available in Latin America, with 2.0, 2.3 and 2.8 petrol engines. The VW-sourced 1.9 TDi engine is no longer offered.
Galaxy MkIII (2006−)
|Body style(s)||5-door MPV|
|Engine(s)||1.8 L Duratorq TDCi I4, 100-125 PS (99-123 hp/74-92 kW)|
|Wheelbase||2850 mm (112.2 in)|
|Length||4820 mm (189.8 in)|
|Width||1885 mm (74.2 in)|
|Height||1725 mm (67.9 in)|
The new Galaxy is larger than its predecessor and is a four pillar vehicle of entirely Ford design, with no Volkswagen content. No longer produced in Portugal, Europe's replacement Galaxy is assembled at a newly re-equipped plant alongside the Mondeo in Genk, Belgium. With the S-MAX catering to customers who require a sport-oriented MPV, Ford were able to expand the Galaxy in every dimension without losing sales in size-conscious Europe.
Due to its size, Ford was unable to design the Galaxy using a full Kinetic Design format. However, Ford officially states that the car contains 'elements' of Kinetic Design, such as its trapezoidal grille, large wheelarches and angular headlights. No spare wheel is obtained when buying this car, a foam is given to seal punctures until a new wheel can be bought.
Ford's engines are used, all diesels being from the Duratorq family of engines in 100 PS (99 hp/74 kW) & 125 PS (123 hp/92 kW) 1.8 format and also 130 PS (128 hp/96 kW) & 140 PS (138 hp/103 kW) 2.0 TDCi versions. Two Petrol engines are offered - the Duratec 2.0 145 PS (143 hp/107 kW) variant and 2.3 L petrol 161 bhp (120 kW) engine.
In the United Kingdom, the car is available in Edge, Zetec and Ghia trim levels. In February 2008, Ford announced that the Galaxy will be made available with the Titanium high series trim as seen on the Focus, C-MAX, Kuga, Mondeo and S-MAX ranges. The Titanium model will be specified to the same level as the Ghia but will add a 'techno' feel. At the same time the availability of a 2.2TDCi engine option (joint design with Peugeot; 170hp) was announced.
One major selling point of the Galaxy and S-MAX is the "FoldFlatSystem". This design allows the second- and third-row seats to fold flat into the floor although this step forward in seating design lowers the load carrying capacity of the vehicle.
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|City car||Ka I||Ka II|
|Supermini||Fiesta I||Fiesta II||Fiesta III||Fiesta IV||Fiesta V||Fiesta VI||Fiesta VII|
|Small family car||Escort Mk3 / Orion I||Escort Mk4 / Orion II||Escort Mk5 / Orion III||Escort Mk5b||Escort Mk6||Focus I||Focus II|
|Large family car||Cortina V||Sierra||Mondeo I||Mondeo II||Mondeo III||Mondeo IV|
|Executive car||Granada II||Scorpio I / Granada III||Scorpio II|
|Galaxy I||Galaxy II||Galaxy III|