Ford Landau

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Ford Landau
Ford Landau 1977 Ford Landau 1977
ManufacturerFord Motor Company
Production1971–1983
PredecessorFord Del Rey
ClassFull-size car
Body style(s)4-door sedan
LayoutFR layout
Engine(s)302 CID V8 Ford Windsor engine
Transmission(s)3-speed manual
3-speed automatic
RelatedFord Galaxie

For information on the Australian Ford Landau see Ford Landau (Australia)

Launched at the 1970 São Paulo Auto Show, the Ford Landau was a full-size car, manufactured in Brazil from 1971 until 1983 by the Ford Motor Company at their São Paulo facility. It became Ford's flagship in that country. It was based on the Ford Galaxie. After 1976, it gained more differences from the Galaxie and LTD, and featured the newly introduced 302 engine, a lighter 5.0L V8, and its radical restyling clearly resembling the 1965 Lincoln Continental.

American origin, Brazilian style

The Landau joined the existing models Galaxie 500 and LTD in the showrooms in 1976 as Ford's new top-of-the-range model. All three models featured the new 302 CID engine with 4942 cc and 198 hp (148 kW), which replaced the heavier 292, but the Galaxie and LTD kept their design elements from the American original. Initially the Landau offered in the single colour scheme “Prata Continental” (Continental Silver), a exclusive metallic clearcoat. The vinyl roof was painted silver coloured too.

Curiosities

In June 25th, 1979, during the oil crisis in Brazil, Ford includes in Galaxie/ Landau range an 302 CID engine with higher compression ratio (11,0:1 vs. 7,8:1), and that made use of true dual exhaust, aluminum intake manifold and nickel-covered carburetor, to accept the use of Ethanol (sugar cane alcohol). The first car was a present to the Brazilian president at the time, João Figueiredo.

From the total of 77.647 Galaxie versions built in Brazil in 16 years of market presence, 2.492 units ran with Alcohol as fuel.

Production figures

  • 1971 - Unknown exactly.
  • 1972 - Unknown exactly.
  • 1973 - 3.539.
  • 1974 - 3.720.
  • 1975 - 2.911.
  • 1976 - 5.556.
  • 1977 - 2.422.
  • 1978 - 3.903.
  • 1979 - 4.412 (Gasoline); 22 (Ethanol).
  • 1980 - 1.390 (Gasoline); 1.581 (Ethanol).
  • 1981 - 538 (Gasoline); 587 (Ethanol).
  • 1982 - 929 (Gasoline); 270 (Ethanol).
  • 1983 - 93 (Gasoline); 22 (Ethanol).

Until 1980, includes Ford LTD.

References

"Automóveis Brasileiros" by author Enio Brandenburg, FBVA, Rio de JaneiroBrasil

"The Automobile in South America - The Origins (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay)" by author Álvaro Casal Tatlock, FBVA, Rio de JaneiroBrasil

"Automóveis de São Paulo" by author Malcom Forest, FBVA, Rio de JaneiroBrasil

External links