From Ford Wiki
|Ford Landau 1977 Ford Landau 1977|
|Automotive industry||Ford Motor Company|
|Predecessor||Ford Del Rey|
|Car classification||Full-size car|
|Car body style||4-door Sedan (car)|
|Automobile layout||FR layout|
|Internal combustion engine||302 CID V8 Ford Windsor engine|
|Transmission (mechanics)||3-speed Manual transmission|
3-speed Automatic transmission
For information on the Australian Ford Landau see Ford Landau (Australia)
Launched at the 1970 São Paulo Auto Show, the Ford Landau was a full-size Automobile, manufactured in Brazil from 1971 until 1983 by the Ford Motor Company at their São Paulo facility. It became Ford's flagship in that country. It was based on the Ford Galaxie. After 1976, it gained more differences from the Galaxie and LTD, and featured the newly introduced 302 engine, a lighter 5.0L V8, and its radical restyling clearly resembling the 1965 Lincoln Continental.
American origin, Brazilian style
The Landau joined the existing models Galaxie 500 and LTD in the showrooms in 1976 as Ford's new top-of-the-range model. All three models featured the new 302 Cubic inch engine with 4942 cc and 198 hp (148 kW), which replaced the heavier 292, but the Galaxie and LTD kept their design elements from the American original. Initially the Landau offered in the single colour scheme “Prata Continental” (Continental Silver), a exclusive metallic clearcoat. The vinyl roof was painted silver coloured too.
In June 25th, 1979, during the oil crisis in Brazil, Ford includes in Galaxie/ Landau range an 302 CID engine with higher compression ratio (11,0:1 vs. 7,8:1), and that made use of true dual exhaust, aluminum intake manifold and nickel-covered carburetor, to accept the use of Ethanol (sugar cane alcohol). The first car was a present to the Brazilian president at the time, João Figueiredo.
From the total of 77.647 Galaxie versions built in Brazil in 16 years of market presence, 2.492 units ran with Alcohol as fuel.
- 1971 - Unknown exactly.
- 1972 - Unknown exactly.
- 1973 - 3.539.
- 1974 - 3.720.
- 1975 - 2.911.
- 1976 - 5.556.
- 1977 - 2.422.
- 1978 - 3.903.
- 1979 - 4.412 (Gasoline); 22 (Ethanol).
- 1980 - 1.390 (Gasoline); 1.581 (Ethanol).
- 1981 - 538 (Gasoline); 587 (Ethanol).
- 1982 - 929 (Gasoline); 270 (Ethanol).
- 1983 - 93 (Gasoline); 22 (Ethanol).
Until 1980, includes Ford LTD.
"Automóveis Brasileiros" by author Enio Brandenburg, FBVA, Rio de Janeiro – Brasil
"The Automobile in South America - The Origins (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay)" by author Álvaro Casal Tatlock, FBVA, Rio de Janeiro – Brasil
"Automóveis de São Paulo" by author Malcom Forest, FBVA, Rio de Janeiro – Brasil