Ford Model A (1927)

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See also Ford Model A (1903)
Ford Model A
Ford Model A Fordor
Automotive industryFord Motor Company
Production1927–1931
4,849,340 made
AssemblyDetroit, Michigan
Cologne, Germany
Buenos Aires, Argentina
PredecessorFord Model T
SuccessorFord Model B
Car classificationFull-size Ford
Car body styleA – Chassis

Convertible Sedan (A-400)
Business Coupe
Coupe
Deluxe Coupe
Sport Coupe
Standard Coupe
Deluxe Coupe
Standard Fordor Sedan (car) - Murray
Standard Fordor Sedan - Briggs
Deluxe Fordor Sedan - Murray
Deluxe Fordor Sedan - Briggs
Leatherback Fordor Sedan
Standard Fordor Sedan – Slant windshield
Mail Truck
Panel Truck
Phaeton 2-door
Phaeton 4-door
Deluxe Service Pickup
Roadster Pickup
Pickup truck
Deluxe Pickup
Standard Roadster
Deluxe Roadster
Sport Roadster
Station Wagon
Taxi Cab
Town Car
Town Car Delivery
Standard Tudor Sedan
Deluxe Tudor Sedan
Victoria
Wood Panel Delivery

Station wagon
Automobile layoutFR layout
Automobile platformA Chassis
Internal combustion engine201 CID (3.3 L) L-head-4
Transmission (mechanics)3-speed sliding gear
Wheelbase103.5 in (2629 mm)
Length165 in (4191 mm)
Width67 in (1702 mm)
Curb weight2,265 lb (1,027 kg)
Fuel capacity10 US gallons (37.9 L; 8.3 imp gal)
11 US gallons (41.6 L; 9.2 imp gal)
RelatedFord Model AF
Ford Model AA
Automotive designHenry Ford and Edsel Ford

The Ford Model A (1927 - 1931) was the second huge success for the Ford Motor Company, after its predecessor, the Model T. First produced on October 20, 1927, but not sold until December 2, it replaced the venerable Model T, which had been produced for 18 years. This new Model A (a previous model had used the Model A name back in 1903) was designated as a 1927 model and was available in four standard colors, but not black.

The successor to the Model A was the Model B which featured an updated 4-cylinder engine, followed by the Model 18 which introduced Ford's new V8 engine.

Contents

Features


Prices for the Model A ranged from US$385 for a roadster to $1400 for the top-of-the-line Town Car. The engine was an Cam-in-block Straight-4 with a displacement of 201 cubic inches (3.3 L). This engine gave the car 40 horsepower (30 kW). Typical fuel consumption was between 25 and 30 Mpg (U.S.) (8 to 12 kilometres per litre or 12-8 L/100 km) using a Zenith one-barrel up-draft carburetor, with a top speed of around 65 mph (104 km/h). It had a 103.5 in (2629 mm) wheelbase with a gear ratio of 3.77:1. The transmission was a 3-speed sliding gear unit with a 1-speed reverse. The Model A had 4-wheel mechanical drum brakes. The 1930 and 1931 editions came with stainless steel radiator cowling and headlamp housings.

The Model A came in a wide variety of styles: Coupe (Standard and Deluxe), Business Coupe, Sport Coupe, Roadster Coupe (Standard and Deluxe[1] ), Convertible Cabriolet (automobile), Convertible Sedan (car), Phaeton (Standard and Deluxe), Tudor (Standard and Deluxe [2]), Town Car, Fordor (2-window) (Standard and Deluxe), Fordor (3-window) (Standard and Deluxe), Victoria, Station Wagon, Taxicab, Truck, and Commercial.

The Model A was the first Ford to use the standard set of driver controls, with conventional clutch and brake pedals, throttle and gearshift; previous Ford models used controls that had become out of date and uncommon to drivers of other makes. The Model A's fuel tank was located in the cowl, between the engine compartment's fire wall and the dash panel. It had an optic fuel gauge and the fuel was distributed to the carburetor by gravity. In cooler climates, owners could purchase an Aftermarket (automotive) cast iron unit to place over the engine's exhaust manifold to bring heated air into the cab. A small door could be opened or closed to adjust the amount of hot air entering the cab. Model A was the first car to have safety glass in the windshield.

When production ended in March, 1932, there were 4,849,340 Model A's made in all styles. It was replaced by an updated model called the Ford Model B and by the new V-8.

The Soviet Union company GAZ, which started as a cooperation between Ford and the Soviet Union, made a licensed version of the Model A from 1932-36.

In addition to the United States, Ford made the Model A in plants in Canada, France, Germany and the United Kingdom.

Film and media


The Ford Model A. was well represented in media of the era since it was one of the most common cars. In modern times, it has reappeared, most notably in the remake of the film King Kong as taxi cabs and police cars. Students asked to build models of cars from the 1920s and 1930s will also find that models of these cars are still available from hobby shops in the 2000s, as stock cars or modified hot rods.

The most famous single Model A is Ala Kart, a Custom car 1929 Roadster pickup built by George Barris which won two straight "America's Most Beautiful Roadster" awards at the Oakland Roadster Show before making numerous film and television appearances.

A 1928 Model A was driven by Hector Quevedo from his home town of Punta Arenas, Chile, Chile to Ford Motor Company headquarters in Dearborn, Michigan. Quevedo was joined by his son Hugo. The journey lasted over two years, from October 1992 to December 1994, and covered nearly 22,000 miles (35,000 km). The car required minimal service including a flat tire and transmission work in Nicaragua. The car is now housed in the Henry Ford Museum.[1]

Gallery


References

  1. Cardinale, Anthony. Chileans on a Roll in Vintage Car Trek Detroit-Bound Model A Ford Arrives Here After 21,700 Miles. Buffalo News. Buffalo, N.Y.: November 30, 1994 pg. A.1.

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