Jaguar Mark VII

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Jaguar Mark VII
Jaguar Mark VII M
Jaguar Mk VII
Automotive industryJaguar Cars
Production1951–1956
30,969 produced[1]
PredecessorJaguar Mark V
SuccessorJaguar Mark VIII
Car classificationLarge Luxury car
Car body style4-door sedan
Internal combustion engine3442 cc Straight 6 ,
160 bhp (119.3 kW)
((1951 - 1954)
3442 cc Straight 6,
190 bhp (141.7 kW)
(1954 - 1956)
Wheelbase120 in (3048 mm) [2]
Length196.5 in (4991 mm) [3]
Width73 in (1854 mm) [3]
Curb weight3,696 lb (1,676 kg) MK VII
3,724 lb (1,689 kg) MK VII M

Contents

Jaguar Mk VII 1950 - 1954


The Jaguar Mark VII was a large four door sports sedan launched by Jaguar Cars of Coventry at the 1950 London Motor Show. The chassis came from the Jaguar Mark V with which the Mark VII shared its 10 feet (3,048.0 mm) wheelbase. But for this latest offering Jaguar designed a modern and streamlined looking body, featuring fully integrated headlights and mudguards along with an increased rear overhang which gave the car enhanced presence. As on the Mark V, the upper part of the rear wheels was covered by the body work. In place of its predecessor's flat windscreen, the Mark VII design included a two piece front screen, adumbrating the gently curved one piece screen that would become available with the Jaguar Mark VIII.

The 3442 cc Straight 6 engine provided the same 160 bhp (119.3 kW) power output in this application as in the Mark VII's sports car contemporary. Despite its size, a top speed in excess of 100 mph (160 km/h) was claimed.

The Jaguar Mark VII's arrival coincided with some relaxation of the desperate economic situation that pervaded Britain after the Second World War. By the time of the models' 1954 upgrade, 20,908 had been produced.[1]

A car tested by the British magazine The Motor (magazine) in 1952 had a top speed of 101 mph (163 km/h) and could accelerate from 0-60 mph (97 km/h) in 13.7 seconds. A fuel consumption of Convert/foutmig (Convert/L/100 km mpgus) was recorded. The test car cost £1693 including taxes. [3]

Jaguar Mk VII M 1954 - 1956


British manufacturers in the 1950s generally launched new models at the London Motor Show which took place in October: at the 1954 motor show Jaguar presented the Mark VII M. The engine was of the same size and had the same 8:1 compression ratio, but now the power output was 190 bhp (141.7 kW) permitting a claimed top speed of 104 mph (167 km/h). The standard transmission remained a four speed manual gear box: additionally the three speed Borg Warner automatic, introduced in 1953 but hitherto available only on exported cars, became an option for British buyers.

Early in 1956 a Mark VII won the Monte Carlo rally[4]. During the next few years big Jaguar sedans would play a leading part in British saloon car racing.

One year after presenting the Mark VII M, Jaguar introduced their elegant smaller Jaguar Mark I. In 1956 the Suez Canal Suez Crisis broke. Talk in Britain was of a return to fuel rationing: Bubble car appeared on the streets. For Jaguar the focus switched towards the middle weight saloons, and neither the Mark VII M nor any of its increasingly powerful but thirsty direct successors would match the production volumes of the original Jaguar Mark VII. Nevertheless, before giving way to the Mark VIII, the Mark VII M notched up 10,061 sales during its two year production run.[1]

No Jaguar Mk VI


The Jaguar Mark VII had replaced the Jaguar Mark V. A high powered version of the Jaguar Mark V had been designated the Jaguar Mark VI, but it is thought that only two of these were built[2].

Sources

  • Schrader, Halwart: Typenkompass Jaguar - Personenwagen seit 1931, Motorbuch-Verlag, Stuttgart (2001), ISBN 3-613-02106-4
  • Stertkamp, Heiner: Jaguar - Die komplette Chronik von 1922 bis heute, 2. Auflage, Heel-Verlag (2006), ISBN 3-89880-337-6

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Sedgwick, Michael; Gillies (1993). A-Z of cars 1945-1970. UK: Bay View Books. ISBN 1-870979-39-7. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Culshaw; Horrobin (1974). Complete Catalogue of British Cars. London: Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-16689-2. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "The Jaguar Mark VII saloon". The Motor (magazine). April 16 1952. 
  4. Georgano (Ed), G N (1968). The Complete Encyclopaedia of Motorcars 1885 - 1968. London: Ebury Press. 
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