Jaguar X-Type

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Jaguar X-TYPE
Jaguar X-Type sedan
Automotive industryJaguar Cars
Parent companyFord Motor Company (2001-2008)
Tata Motors (2008-)
Production2002–present
AssemblyHalewood, England, United Kingdom
Car classificationCompact executive car
Car body style4-door Sedan (car)
5-door Station wagon
Automobile layoutFront-engine design, Front-wheel drive / Four-wheel drive
Automobile platformFord CD132 platform
Internal combustion engine2.1 L AJ V6
2.5 L AJ V6
3.0 L AJ V6
2.0 L Diesel Straight-4
2.2 L Diesel Straight-4
Transmission (mechanics)5-speed Automatic transmission, 6 speed manual
Wheelbase106.7 in (2710 mm)
LengthSedan: 4672 mm (183.9 in)
2002-08 Wagon: 185.5 in (4712 mm)
2009- Wagon: 4716 mm (185.7 in)
WidthBodywork: 70.4 in (1788 mm)
2002-08 Overall: 78.8 in (2002 mm)
2009- Overall: 2000 mm (78.7 in)
Height2009- Sedan: 54.8 in (1392 mm)
Wagon: 58.4 in (1483 mm)
2009- Sedan: 1430 mm (56.3 in)
Fuel capacity16 US gal (61 L; 13 imp gal)
RelatedFord Mondeo

The X-Type is a Compact executive car produced by the British luxury Automaker Jaguar Cars since 2001. It is the smallest of the current range of Jaguar saloons and, alongside the 1998 S-Type, was intended to spearhead the company’s efforts in emulating the sales of German rivals Audi, BMW, and Mercedes-Benz. It was produced at Jaguar-Land Rover’s Halewood facility in Liverpool, alongside the Land Rover Freelander/LR2.

Contents

Model History (2001 – present)


Overview

Codenamed X400, the X-Type was Jaguar’s attempt to compete in the compact executive car segment. Jaguar and parent company Ford envisaged the ‘baby Jag’ as Jaguar's first compact 4-door. The X-Type was one of the last to be styled under the supervision of Geoff Lawson (designer), with the principal designer credited as Wayne Burgess.[1]

Jaguar X-Type Estate

Neither Jaguar nor Ford had a suitable small rear-wheel drive platform to base the X-Type on, and the decision was made to base the X-Type on a modified version of the Ford CD132 platform, the basis for the 2000 Ford Mondeo. In order to distinguish it from its rivals and its Ford origins, the X-Type was initially offered as All-wheel drive only and mated to a 2.5 litre and 3.0 litre V6 petrol engine. In 2003, the X-Type was offered in Front-wheel drive with the introduction of Jaguar’s first diesel engines, and with the smaller 2.0-litre petrol V6.

In 2004, a further body style was added with the introduction of a Station-wagon version, making it the second-ever Jaguar Estate car. In the United States, the estate was officially known as the "Sportwagon”.

In 2007, the X-Type was facelifted and sports a different front grille, front bumper, rear bootlid, and rear bumper, to give the car a more dynamic and contemporary look. The new grille echoes the grille on the 2008 XF, and the facelifted 2008 XJ.

Limited Editions


2.5 AWD Spirit Limited Edition

Introduced in 2005 featuring the 'Sports Collection' which comprised a new front lower spoiler, black mesh finish for both upper and lower grille openings , lowered side sills and a new, lower rear valance , more pronounced rear boot spoiler and new exhaust tailpipe finishers. In addition to the Jaguar Sports Collection treatment, the 2.5 AWD Spirit Limited Editions featured a unique 'Spirit' badge on the right hand side of the boot plinth, below the 2.5 engine badge. A planned 450 Spirit Limited Edition cars in a choice of four different colour combinations; Platinum, Quartz, Ebony and Jaguar Racing Green.

Engines

Petrol Engines
Displacement Cyl Power Years
2.0 L V6 157 PS (155 hp/115 kW) (2003 – 2007)
2.5 L V6 197 PS (194 hp/145 kW) (2001 – 2007)
3.0 L V6 231 PS (228 hp/170 kW) (2001 – present)
Diesel Engines
Displacement Cyl Power Years
2.0 L I4 130 PS (128 hp/96 kW) (2003 – present)
2.2 L I4 155 PS (153 hp/114 kW) (2003 – present)

Sales & Future


Despite the X-Type competing in the growing compact executive sector, sales never met expectations of 100,000 annually, peaking at 50,000 in 2003. In the United States, the car's primary market, sales dropped from 21,542 in 2004 to 10,941 in 2005. In the same year, Audi sold 48,922 A4s, BMW sold 106,950 3-series and Mercedes-Benz sold 60,658 C-Classes. Despite this, the X-Type has been Jaguar's bestselling model since its introduction.

Due to poor sales and reduced profit margins, stemming partly from a weaker U.S. dollar, Jaguar ceased sales of the X-Type in North America in late 2007.

The current facelifted model is expected to continue through to the 2010 model year in its remaining markets and will not be directly replaced. It emerged in early 2008 that despite management denials at the time, the slow-selling X-Type “was essentially designed in Detroit and presented as close to a fait accompli to reluctant designers and engineers at Jaguar's Whitley design centre, near the Midlands city of Coventry”.[2]

References

  1. Jaguar Expands the 2005 X-Type Range with three new models, MediaFord.com, 1 August 2004, [1], accessed 3 Aug 2008
  2. Jaguar ‘entirely relaxed’ about Tata takeover, FT.com, 28 January 2008, [2], accessed 3 August 2008

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