Jaguar XK6 engine

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Jaguar XK
Jaguar XK engine in an E-Type; the large polished aluminium rocker covers show this is a DOHC design
Automotive industryJaguar Cars
Production1949–1993
SuccessorJaguar AJ6
Jaguar XK engine in a 1955 Jaguar D-Type
XK6 engine in an XK150

The famed Jaguar (car) XK engine was introduced in 1949 and produced until 1993. It was a DOHC Inline-6 engine. The 4.2 variant was also used in some military vehicles with very few modifications.

Contents

3.4


The first use was in the 1949 Jaguar XK120, where it was billed as the 3 1/2 litre. This was a 3.4 L (3442 cc) version with an 83 mm bore and 106 mm stroke. It had an iron block and an aluminum cylinder head which delivered 160 bhp (119 kW) at a compression ratio of 8:1, rising to 210 bhp (157 kW) with the C-Type head as raced at Le Mans. A 4-cylinder XK variant was never produced.

This engine was used in the following cars:

3.8


The larger 3.8 L version was released in 1958. It was fitted with sleeves and bored to 87 mm and produced up to 265 hp (198 kW).

This engine was used in the following cars:

4.2


The 4.2 litre version was officially released in 1965, though racers had been boring the 3.8 out all the way to 4.2 litres for years. The block was an all new Siamese sleeves design. The official bore was 93 mm, and the engine produced from 170 hp (DIN) with Zenith Carburetters carburettors, to 265 hp (198 kW) hp (claimed) with the triple SU carburettor HD8 carburettors. This form of the XK Engine has been praised by many and notably Gunnar Heinrich: "Big, noisy and inefficient; those engines were great.", although in contrast to BMW [1] and Mercedes [2] engines of the same generation the XK engine was relatively unstressed and high torque with far more advanced camshaft configuration. In stark contrast, Jeremy Christian stated in 'The Allure of the Big Cats: Cougar, Jaguar, Panther (2006)': "I commend Jaguar on the production of an engine with such musical qualities, but enough is enough! It's an engine: not a symphony. It's British: not Italian." He does, however, praise the improved 6.0L V12: "...cloaked in the bodywork of an XJ-S it [the 6.0 V12] forms a marriage between form and function akin to the bar set by the Germans but in a package that can be nothing other than what it is: A Jaguar. To quote from a 1980s TWR Jaguar brochure: 'the powerful roar of the engine states that you are not coming; you have arrived." In truth, the 4.2 XK engine was poorly finished from the factory with the heads not being flowed and the gaskets too small for the gap. Privately, these engines make excellent bases for some modifications achieving approx. 220bhp and much more torque just by flowing the head.

This engine was used in the following cars:

It was also used in the following military vehicles:

  • FV101 Scorpion, a British CVR(T)
  • FV107 Scimitar, a British Armoured car.

The 1987 Jaguar XJ6 was the last Jaguar (car) car fitted with the XK6 engine. In 1992 the last Daimler Motor Company DS420 Limousine was produced. Like all other DS420 limousines, it was equipped with a 4.2L XK6 engine.

The amount of time the 4.2 XK engine has remained in production means it has the rare accolade of having been in service in cars spanning 6 consecutive decades.

2.4

The 2.4 was a de-stroked (to 76.5 mm) version of the 3.4, and produced 133 hp (99 kW). It featured Solex downdraft carburettors in the original Mark I and Mark II saloons.

This engine was used in the following cars:

The Jaguar 240 was fitted with an uprated version of that engine, incorporating the straight-port cylinder head and twin SU carburettors.

2.8

A 2.8 version was introduced for the entry-level XJ6 models in 1968 and remained available until replaced by the 3.4 in 1975.

This engine was used in the following cars:

See also

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