Mercury Capri

From Ford Wiki

Jump to: navigation, search
Mercury Capri
1983 Mercury Capri
Automotive industryMercury
Parent companyFord Motor Company
Production1970-1986
1991-1994
Car classificationPony car (1970-1986)
Roadster (1991-94)

The name Mercury Capri has been used for several different Car over the years. All were sold by the Ford Motor Company's Lincoln-Mercury division in North America. The origin of the name after the Italian island of Capri dates back to the Lincoln Capri of the 1950s.

Contents

1970-1977


First generation
MercuryCapri-front.jpg
Production1970–1977
AssemblyCologne, Germany
Car body style3-door Hatchback
Automobile layoutFR layout
Internal combustion engine1.6L Kent
2.0L OHC Straight-4
2.6L V6
2.8L V6
2.3L Straight-4
RelatedFord Capri (69-77)
Ford Cortina (70-76)

The European Ford Capri was developed as a "baby Mustang" for that market, a 2-door car with a short trunklid (later hatchback) and a long hood. North American-spec Capris were built in Cologne, Germany, and were sold through Lincoln-Mercury dealers in North America. The Europe Capri was first sold in the United States in April 1970. It carried no Marque identification, and was named simply the Capri, but it was often (and inaccurately) called the Mercury Capri, as Ford already had a Mustang (and its twin, the Mercury Cougar) for the same buyer market. The only type initially available used the United Kingdom 1600 Cubic centimeter Kent crossflow, with a price starting at less than United States dollar2300. The 2.0 L OHC Straight-4 was introduced for the 1971 model year. 1971 2.0 liter Capris are particularly desirable, since they have a 9.0:1 compression ratio. (it was reduced to 8.2:1 in 1972) The 2.6 L "Cologne" V6 was introduced late in the 1972 model year.

The Capri was given a "facelift" for the 1973 model year, with a new interior, revised grille, larger tail lights, and a completely different wiring harness. North American-spec Capris also received a Federally-mandated 5-mph bumper on the front. The 1973 front bumper was a chrome bumper mounted on the front of a steel pipe, and attached to the frame by a set of shock absorbers.

In 1974, the 2.6 liter Cologne V6 was replaced by a 2.8 liter Cologne V6, with revised castings for both the block and heads. North American-spec 1974 Capris also had large, federally mandated 5-mph bumpers at both the front and rear of the car. The 1974 bumpers were covered in body colored plastic.

The Capri was restyled as a hatchback in 1975, but sold in North America as an early 1976 model. In the North American market, they were known as Capri IIs, though in most of the rest of the world, they were known as the Capri Mk II. Engine options were the 2.8 liter Cologne V6, and the 2.3 liter Lima 4-cylinder.

They were no longer shipped from Europe after the end of the 1977 model year. A few remaining 1977 Capris were sold as 1978 models. Starting in 1979, the European Capri was replaced in the North American market by the "Fox" Chassis Capri. (see below) Production of the European Capri continued for the European market until 1986. Over a half a million European Capris were sold in North America between 1970 and 1978. At its peak, Capri sales in North America were the highest for any import model except for the Volkswagen Beetle. They are now becoming sought after for Automotive restoration because of their styling, performance & relative affordability.

1979-1986


Second generation
1979-1982 Mercury Capri
Production1979-1986
AssemblyDearborn, Michigan, USA
Car body style3-door Hatchback
Automobile layoutFR layout
Automobile platformFord Fox platform
Internal combustion engine2.3L OHC Straight-4
2.3L TO-3 (Turbo RS)
2.8L V6
3.3L I6
3.8L V6
4.2L 2bbl V8
5.0 HO EFI V8
400 FI V8
460 FI V8
Transmission (mechanics)4-speed O/D manual
4-speed auto
5-speed manual
Wheelbase100.5 in (2553 mm)
RelatedFord Mustang(79-93)
Ford LTD (83-86)
Ford Granada (U.S.)
Mercury Marquis (83-86)
Ford Fairmont
Mercury Zephyr
Lincoln Continental (82-87)
Ford Thunderbird (80-88)
Mercury Cougar (80-88)
Lincoln Mark VII

During this period, a version of the Ford Mustang was sold through Lincoln/Mercury dealers as the Mercury Capri, giving Mercury a Pony car for the first time since the Mercury Cougar was upsized in 1974 to complement the Ford Thunderbird. The Capri was built on the Ford Fox platform, which was used for the Mustang from 1979 to 1993 with a design change in 1994.

The Fox-based Mercury Capri was fairly unchanged throughout its entire run. It maintained its squared-off front fascia and grille, and distinctive flared fenders. The only major iteration happened in 1983 with the addition of a racing-inspired hatchback with a compound rear window (also known as the "bubble back"), a new rear bumper and taillights. In 1984, the high performance Capri RS received a front air dam which continued until 1986.

The drivetrain and interior options closely matched that of the Mustang year for year. There are differences but they are generally minor.

Here are some special editions for the Capri:

1981-1983 Black Magic - Black cars with gold striping, gold metric TRX wheels and a gold cat's head on each side of the "nose piece" just ahead of the front fender. The interior received special black seats with gold inserts. The 1983 model is extremely rare and the only Black Magic to receive the compound rear window.

1981-1982 White Lightning aka White Magic - This was actually the "Black Magic" version but it was allowed to be ordered in white. Dealers coined the "White Lightning" phrase from a magazine ad that Mercury ran. Mercury never used the term directly. In 1981 there were 575 "White Magic" models produced, but the rarer year was 1982 of which only 348 "White Magic" models were manufactured.

1983 Crimson Cat - Red with gold striping and cougar TRX wheels set this car apart. Much like the Black Magic, the Crimson Cat received custom black seats with red inserts. Only 805 crimson cats were made

1984 Charcoal Turbo RS - A Capri RS Turbo that was only available in Charcoal upper / Silver lower exterior paint with Light Grey striped rub mouldings, Garret 60 trim turbocharger, enhanced multiport EFI 4-cylinder Internal combustion engine, Michelin TRX package, 5.0 HO Sway bars, 3.45:1 limited slip rear axle, hood scoop, and orange and red lettering and striping. Sun and T Top roof were optional.

1984-1986 ASC McLaren Coupes and Convertibles - ASC (American Sunroof Corporation, now known as American Specialty Cars) converted Capris into Convertible and enhanced standard Hatchback which they renamed "Coupes". The Coupes were tuned and enhanced with a number of suspension and visual upgrades including striping, a built-in radar detector, ground effects, Hella fog lights, headlight and tailight covers and honey comb wheels imported from Campagnolo in Italy. 1984 Coupes (25 produced) were all painted midnight blue. 1985-1986 Coupes (150 produced in 1985) were either painted blue or white. In 1986 (115 made), the last year for the Coupe, customers had an even larger choice of colors, including Smoke Charcoal Grey & Raven Black, joining the Oxford White and Midnight Blue.

Coupes were secretly equipped with the Ford Motorsport B303 camshaft, creating significantly more power than the rated 200/210BHP of the standard 5.0 motors. Additionally, all coupes were shod with BF Goodrich Comp T/A radials, in a soft racing compound, and shaved for track use. The 225/50/15 low profile size of these tires raised the ASC/McLaren Coupe's effective gear ratio or approximately 3.35:1. These were the quickest cars produced by Ford in 1985 & 1986 with zero to sixty times under six seconds.

The convertibles were a far more involved project. This required the redesigning of the car's unit construction and the fabrication of a replacement rear deck lid, floor reinforcements, quarter panel caps, tonneau cover and a windshield that was raked back an extra 10 degrees. They received a manual convertible top that took up residence in the area once designated for the rear seats. The ascMcLaren convertibles use a smaller top than the Mustang convertible that is unique to that car, as are the seals, weatherstriping, windshield moldings, etc.

ascMcLaren Capris far outsold Saleen Mustangs, year for year.

1985 Mercury Motorsport Capri - Grand Prix IV Pace Car - 30 were built in 1985 as pace cars for the Detroit Grand Prix. These were also modified by ASC McLaren for Mercury and are highly sought after for their racing heritage. About two-thirds are accounted for.

1991-1994


Third generation
Mercury Capri
Production1991-1994
AssemblyCampbellfield, Victoria, Australia
Car body style2-door Roadster
Automobile layoutFF layout
Internal combustion engine1.6L 100 hp Straight-4
turbo 1.6L 132 hp I4
Transmission (mechanics)4-speed Automatic transmission
5-speed Manual transmission
Wheelbase94.7 in (2405 mm)
Length1993-94: 167.1 in (4244 mm)
1991-92: 166.1 in (4219 mm)
Width64.6 in (1641 mm)
Height1991-92: 50.2 in (1275 mm)
1993-94 Base: 50.4 in (1280 mm)
1993-94 XR2: 49.9 in (1267 mm)
RelatedMazda 323

Ford Australia produced a Mazda Miata rival named the Ford Capri from 1989, which was ironically based around many Mazda 323 mechanics. From the 1991 model year, this car was sold in North America as the Mercury Capri. The car was sold until the 1994 model year with minimal changes (1994 models did get a minor cosmetic update that included new front and rear bumpers).

Despite rumors of mechanical issues with the Capri, the Australian version was a reliable vehicle. Many are still in use as "daily drivers" in Australia, with the only faults being reported relating to leaks in the roof.

It is often rumored that with its increased versatility of four seats and a very large boot, the Capri could have competed well with the Miata, however US safety regulations forced the redesign of the cabin to accommodate an airbag, something Australia cars did not have as standard for many years. This delay led to the Miata being introduced into the vital American market first. The car featured a lockable top storage and lockable fold down back seat that made the trunk accessible through the interior when the soft top is up. Popular options included a removable hard top.

Capri was offered in two versions across all model years: base and XR2. The base model featured a Mazda 1.6L DOHC 4-cylinder (100 hp) and the XR2 featured a turbocharged version of that engine (132 hp). Both the base model and the XR2 had a 5-speed manual transmission standard; a 4-speed automatic was optional only for the base model.

See also

External links


  1. REDIRECT Mercury vehicles
Personal tools