Mercury Topaz

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Mercury Topaz
1992-1993 Mercury Topaz coupe
Automotive industryFord Motor Company
Production1984–1994
AssemblyClaycomo, Missouri
Oakville, Ontario, Canada
PredecessorMercury Zephyr
SuccessorMercury Mystique
Car classificationCompact car
Automobile layoutFront-engine design, Front-wheel drive / Four-wheel drive
Automobile platformFord CE14 platform
Automotive designJack Telnack

The Mercury Topaz is a Compact car that was sold by the Mercury division of Ford Motor Company from 1984 to 1994 as a slightly upscale variant of the Ford Tempo. It succeeded the Fox body Mercury Zephyr, and was replaced by the 1995 Mercury Mystique.

Contents

First generation


First generation
1984-1985 Mercury Topaz GS sedan
Production1984–1987 (Sedan)
1984-1994 (Coupe)
Car body style2-door Coupe
4-door Sedan (car)
Internal combustion engine2.0 L Mazda Mazda Diesel engine Diesel Straight-4
2.3 L HSC Straight-4
2.3 L HSO Straight-4
Transmission (mechanics)4-speed IB4 manual
5-speed MTX-III manual
3-speed ATX/FLC automatic
RelatedFord Escort
Ford EXP
Ford Tempo
Mercury Lynx

Both models were introduced in late 1983 for the 1984 model year; the compact Topaz and Ford Tempo were early examples of the design philosophy that would bring about the revolutionary 1986 Ford Taurus and Mercury Sable. Topaz and Tempo both were based on the Escort-derived CE14 platform. The body structure and power-train design borrowed heavily from the Ford Escort, but due to the larger size of the Topaz there were few common components. The Topaz shared the Tempo's standard 4-speed IB4 Manual transmission and optional 3-speed FLC automatic. In late 1985, a 5-speed MTX-III manual became standard and the 4-speed IB4 was discontinued. Ford designed and made two engines and Automatic transmission/manual transmissions that were only ever available on the Mercury Topaz, and its re-badged and re-branded Ford cousin, the Tempo. Topaz and Tempo introduced many new design concepts and features that would become standard on many future Ford's and other automobile manufacturer's cars in a few years. The Topaz had a very aerodynamic design, and unlike its Zephyr predecessor, it was Front-wheel-drive. Topaz focused on comfort and convenience, and Ford, by making Topaz FWD made interior space much larger than it would have been if the Topaz and Tempo were Rear-wheel-drive. Other innovative Concept car used first in Tempo were optional SRS airbags, a diesel engine option (the 2.0L Mazda RF Diesel Straight-4, capable of over thirty miles per gallon highway), very aerodynamic styling (reducing drag, meaning better fuel efficiency) and features such as power lumbar support, four-way power driver's seat and cassette player.

1987 Topaz sedan

Topaz (along with stablemate Tempo) was face-lifted in 1986, with new flush-mounted headlights to improve its aerodynamic styling and a nonfunctional light-bar grille from the then-new Sable. In 1987, the Mercury Topaz received a standard all wheel drive system on the trim levels GS-AWD and LS-AWD. This AWD system (developed exclusively for the Topaz and Ford Tempo) would be available from model years 1987 to 1991.

Second generation


Second generation
1989 Mercury Topaz LTS
Production1988–1994
Car body style4-door Sedan (car)
Internal combustion engine2.3 Liter HSC Straight-4
2.3 L HSO Straight-4
3.0 L Vulcan V6
Transmission (mechanics)5-speed MTX-III manual
5-speed MTX-IV Manual transmission
3-speed ATX/FLC Automatic transmission
Wheelbase99.9 in (2537 mm)
Length177.0 in (4496 mm) (sedan)
176.7 in (4488 mm) (coupe)
Width68.3 in (1735 mm)
Height52.9 in (1344 mm) (sedan)
52.8 in (1341 mm) (coupe)
Fuel capacity15.9 US gallons (60.2 L; 13.2 imp gal)
RelatedFord Escort
Ford EXP
Ford Tempo
1992-1994 Mercury Topaz GS sedan

The Topaz received a major redesign in 1988, whereas the coupe was facelifted instead. This car had an improved interior, as well as an even more aerodynamic and upscale exterior. The car was differentiated from the Tempo by a more formal rear window, waterfall grille, more upscale wheels, solid red tail-lights and a bigger trunk. the interior featured the Tachometer-equipped gauge cluster standard and an armrest. New this year were the sporty XR5 coupe and LTS "Luxury Touring Sedan" models. These came standard with the HSO engine and MTX-III transmission.

In 1992, the Mercury Topaz (and Ford Tempo) received a face-lift with a revamped exterior. The chrome grill was replaced again with a new light-bar (also nonfunctional). The Vulcan V6 was now available, bringing with it an optional MTX-IV five-speed manual transmission on the XR5 and LTS models. However, these models didn't sell well but were still an avalable option.

The Topaz was replaced for 1995 by the European Ford Mondeo-based Mercury Mystique.

Engines


  • 2.0 L Mazda Diesel engine Diesel Straight-4 52 hp (39 kW) (optional 1984-1986 "GS")
  • 2.3 Liter HSC Straight-4, 86 hp (64 kW)-98 hp (73 kW) and 125 lb·ft (169 N·m) GS/LS
  • 2.3 L HSO Straight-4, 100 hp (75 kW) and 135 lb·ft (183 N·m) LTS/XR5/AWD
  • 3.0 L (2982 Cubic centimeter) Vulcan V6, 130 hp (97 kW) and 150 lb·ft (203 N·m) (1992-1994; optional on GS, LS, and standard on LTS/XR5)

Trim levels

  • L (stripped down base model made during the 1988-1991 model years)
  • GS (Topaz equivalent of the Tempo GL, mid-range model and most common)
  • GS-AWD (Topaz GS with All Wheel Drive as standard, available between 1987 and 1991)
  • LS (luxury/high end trim level made through-out the Topaz run)
  • LS-AWD (Topaz LS with All Wheel Drive as standard, available between 1987 and 1991)
  • XR5 (sporty performance model made from 1987 to 1992, in 1992, XR5 received a standard 3.0L V6)
  • LTS (four door variation of the XR5, 'LTS' stood for Luxury Touring Sedan, made from 1988 to 1992)

External links

  1. REDIRECT Mercury vehicles
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