Chicago Assembly

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Chicago Assembly (frequently Torrence Avenue Assembly) is Ford Motor Company's oldest continually-operated automobile manufacturing plant. It is located at E. 130th Street and Torrence Avenue in the South Deering community area of Chicago, Illinois. Production started on March 3, 1924 as an alternative production site for the Model T to the famous River Rouge Plant. It switched to Model A production in 1928, and built M8 Greyhound and M20 Armored Utility Car armored cars during World War II. It was the site of pickup truck production for 40 years before that operation stopped in 1964. In 1985, it was selected as the site of production for the company's popular Ford Taurus and Mercury Sable midsize sedans.

Ford spent $400,000,000 in 2004 to modernize the plant. It switched to production of the D3 platform vehicles for 2005 as nine automotive suppliers have built factories nearby. Ford's Chicago plant is a center for flexible just-in-time production and has repeatedly been cited as the most efficient automobile factory in North America.

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