Fifth-generation Ford Mustang

From Ford Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Fifth generation Ford Mustang
2008 Ford Mustang GT Convertible
Model year(s)2005-present
AssemblyFlat Rock, Michigan
PredecessorFourth-generation Ford Mustang
Body style(s)2-door coupe
2-door convertible
LayoutFR layout
PlatformFord D2C platform
DesignerSid Ramnarace (2005 Mustang)
Doug Gaffka (2008-2009 Bullitt, 2010 Mustang)
ManualsService Manual
Main article: Ford Mustang

At the 2004 North American International Auto Show, Ford introduced a completely redesigned Mustang which was codenamed "S-197" and based on an all-new D2C platform for the 2005 model year. Developed under the direction of Chief Engineer Hau Thai-Tang and exterior styling designer Sid Ramnarace, the fifth generation Mustang draws inspiration from Mustangs of the 1960s, notably the 1967-68 models. It was this redesigned aesthetic that inspired Ford's Senior Vice President of Design, J Mays, to call it "retro-futurism." The 2005 Mustang's unique retro coupe styling complements its muscle car status with an approximate weight-to-power ratio of 11.5:1 in GT form. The Mustang was redesigned for 2010 with new exterior and interior styling along with other features. The current Mustangs are manufactured at the AutoAlliance International plant in Flat Rock, Michigan.


2005-2009 Mustang
Model year(s)2005–2009
Body style(s)coupe
Engine(s)4.0 L Cologne V6
4.6 L Modular V8
5.4 L Modular supercharged V8
Transmission(s)5-speed manual (T-5, TR-3650)
6-speed manual (TR-6060)
5-speed automatic (5R55S)
Wheelbase107.1 in (2,720 mm)
Length187.6 in (4,770 mm)
Width74 in (1,900 mm)
Height54.5 in (1,380 mm)
Curb weightV6 coupe MT/AT:
3,350 lb (1,520 kg)/3,420 lb (1,551 kg)
V6 convertible MT/AT:
3,475 lb (1,576 kg)/3,555 lb (1,613 kg)
V8 coupe MT/AT:
3,480 lb (1,579 kg)/3,525 lb (1,599 kg)
V8 convertible MT/AT:
3,610 lb (1,637 kg)/3,655 lb (1,658 kg)
GT500 coupe:
3,920 lb (1,778 kg)
GT500 convertible:
4,040 lb (1,833 kg)
Fuel capacity16 US gal (60.6 L; 13.3 imp gal)


The 2005+ base Mustang is powered by Ford's cast iron block 4.0 L Cologne SOHC V6, replacing the 3.8 L Essex OHV V6 used in 2004 and older models. It produces 210 hp (157 kW) @ 5300 rpm and 240 lb·ft (325 N·m) of torque @ 3500 rpm and is mated to a standard Tremec T-5 5-speed manual transmission with Ford's 5R55S 5-speed automatic transmission available as an option. A 3.31:1 final drive ratio is standard with either transmission. Though criticized for a lack of refinement, the standard V6 powertrain is capable of delivering competitive performance. In a comparison test with a Pontiac G6 Convertible conducted by Motor Trend magazine, a Mustang V6 Convertible equipped with an automatic transmission was able to accelerate from zero to 60 miles per hour (97 km/h) in 7.3 seconds; 1.4 seconds better than its competitor. [1]

All models of the current Mustang make use of an independent MacPherson-strut front suspension with reverse "L" lower control arms. The rear suspension utilizes a new three-link system with a Panhard Rod which controls the vertical and lateral movements of the axle. [2] This live axle rear suspension provides the benefits of reduced cost and weight over heavier, more expensive independent rear suspensions. In spite of this, Ford has drawn heavy criticism from the automotive journalism community for the decision to equip the current Mustang with the live axle system. At a press conference, Ford stated that to include an independent rear suspension would have added $5,000 to the showroom price of the car.

Some of the standard features that the 2005 Mustang launched with include power windows, dual power mirrors, power door locks with remote keyless entry, front air bags, AM/FM stereo with CD player, 16-inch painted aluminum wheels, and larger brake discs than the previous generation Mustang with twin-piston calipers in the front. Some of the options available included Ford's MyColor (a color-configurable instrument cluster available as part of the Interior Upgrade Package), brushed aluminum panels (also part of the Interior Upgrade Package), Ford's Shaker 500 (500 watt peak output) or Shaker 1000 (1000 watt peak output) premium audio system with a 6-disc MP3-compatible CD changer, leather seating surfaces, a six-way power adjustable driver seat, and a four-channel anti-lock brake system with traction control (standard on GT models). [3]

In the following models years, additions and/or modifications to the Mustang's standard features and options list have occurred. Among these were the Pony Package (2006; see below), a DVD-based GPS navigation system made by Pioneer (2007, late availability), a power passenger seat (2007), heated seats (2007), Sirius satellite radio (2007), standard side airbags (2008), HID headlamps (2008), ambient interior lighting (2009), and a glass roof option (2009; see Additional Information), in addition to a variety of new wheel styles and exterior paint colors.

Pony Package

The Pony Package for the V6 Mustang became available starting in 2006. This option includes an upgraded suspension derived from the Mustang GT, 17-inch wheels with wider tires (originally only available on the GT), a unique grille design with fog lamps, a rear deck spoiler, and unique door striping and emblems. [4]

Mustang GT

2008 Ford Mustang GT

The Mustang GT features an award-winning, all-aluminum 4.6 L 3-valve SOHC Modular V8 with variable camshaft timing and a more rugged Tremec TR-3650 transmission. The engine produces 300 hp (224 kW) @ 5750 rpm and 320 lb·ft (433 N·m) of torque @ 4500 rpm. The GT model is capable of performing a quarter-mile test in 13.5 seconds, with acceleration from zero to 60 MPH in 4.9 seconds.[5] The current Mustang GT also comes equipped with a limited slip differential complete with the same carbon-fiber clutch discs used in the 2003 to 2004 SVT Cobra and the 2007 Shelby GT500. The differential is designed for the 31-spline axles and the 8.8-inch (220 mm) ring gear. The standard final drive ratio of 2005 and 2006 Mustang GTs with a manual transmission is 3.55:1. Since the 2007 model year, a 3.31:1 ratio final drive is standard with the 3.55:1 gearing available as a factory installed option. Automatic transmission-equipped models of all years receive the less aggressive 3.31:1 ratio.

The Mustang GT builds on the base Mustang's standard features. In addition to its higher performance powertrain, the Mustang GT features a stiffer, better handling version of the standard suspension, larger 12.4-inch front brake discs (versus the 11.4-inch discs used on V6 Mustangs), standard four-channel ABS with traction control, a two-piece drive shaft, a stainless steel dual exhaust, standard grille-mounted fog lights, and 17-inch wheels with optional 18-inch wheels.

GT California Special

2007 Ford Mustang GT/CS

In 2007, Ford introduced the GT California Special (GT/CS) package, hearkening back to the original 1968 California Special Mustang. The package adds a non-functional hood and side scoops, bright rolled exhaust tips, unique vinyl striping, and an engine cover featuring the pony emblem. The GT/CS also includes a different front fascia and rear valance with diffuser, similar to those found on the Shelby GT. The GT/CS edition rides 1.5 inches lower to the ground than the standard GT. Interior upgrades include Mustang labeled floor mats, and CS only leather interior color options. The 2007 GT Appearance Package adds the same hood scoop, exhaust tips and engine cover as found on the GT/CS.

2008-2009 Bullitt

2008 Ford Mustang Bullitt

2008 heralded the return of the Mustang Bullitt, a special edition variant of the Mustang GT, the last version of which was produced in 2001. The 2008 Bullitt is reminiscent of the Dark Highland Green GT-390 fastback Mustang driven by Steve McQueen in the 1968 film of the same name. Designed with subtlety in mind, the 2008 version is only available in Dark Highland Green or Black exterior paint and is stripped of its spoiler and GT fender emblems; the faux gas cap on the deck lid is replaced by a unique Bullitt version. The Mustang GT's standard fog light-equipped grille is replaced with the base V6 style grille sans the famous Mustang running horse logo. The car rides on unique Dark Argent Gray 18-inch cast-aluminum wheels with matching brake calipers and uses larger, 3.5 inch exhaust tips to replace the Mustang GT's standard 2.5 inch tips.

The Mustang Bullitt is powered by an enhanced version of the Mustang GT's aluminum 4.6 L SOHC V8. Additional power is added through the use of a unique cold air intake, improved engine calibration, and a revised exhaust system specifically designed to mimic the sound of the Mustang used in the Bullitt movie. Total output is 315 hp (235 kW) @ 6000 rpm and 325 lb·ft (440 N·m) of torque @ 4250 rpm and the engine's redline has been raised to 6500 rpm (from the standard Mustang GT's 6250 rpm). Premium grade, 91-octane or better gasoline is recommended for the Bullitt's V8 for top performance but, significantly, an adaptive spark ignition system allows the engine to accept regular grade gasoline without any adverse effects. Total output is the same with either fuel but the engine delivers a flatter torque curve when using premium. The same Tremec TR3650 5-speed manual transmission from the Mustang GT is used in the Mustang Bullitt but the Bullitt features a more aggressive 3.73:1 rear axle ratio (versus the Mustang GT's 3.31:1 or optional 3:55:1 ratios). The Bullitt's suspension is improved over the standard GT utilizing stiffer springs, struts, and a decorative front strut tower brace while also lowering the car's ride height by six millimeters. [6] All of the Mustang Bullitt's unique components are available in the aftermarket for retrofitting earlier S197 Mustang GT vehicles but the parts used in Bullitt Mustangs are marked to show their authenticity.

According to the 2009 Mustang catalog, the Bullitt package is available on manual transmission Mustang GT Premium coupes as a regular production option; the same color restrictions apply.

45th Anniversary Edition

A rebadged basic GT model, it comes with a hood scoop, quarter window "scoops", the Ambient Lighting package and is available in Vista Blue Metallic with 18" polished aluminum wheels.

Shelby GT and GT-H

2008 Ford Mustang Shelby GT convertible

2006's Shelby GT-H and later Shelby GT, based on the standard GT model, is modified by Carroll Shelby International to produce 319 hp (238 kW) by means of a Ford Racing air intake, performance tune, and upgraded exhaust system.[7]

The Shelby GT-H, made available for rent only at selected Hertz car rental outlets, traces its roots to the original 1966 Shelby GT350H, famously known as the "Rent-A-Racer". The GT-H appears only in black exterior paint and twin gold racing stripes as a nod to the Hertz company's history, and, like the original, comes with an automatic transmission only. Completing the unique visual treatment is a billet aluminum grille, custom Shelby hood with functional hood pins, and the same front and rear fascia that would be found on the later Shelby GT and GT/CS models. The GT-H is outfitted with a Ford Racing Power Pack which includes a cold air intake, a revised exhaust system and custom performance calibration, boosting power to 319 hp (238 kW) and torque to 330 lb·ft (447 N·m). The GT-H also includes the Ford Racing Handling Pack with lowering springs, improved dampers, sway bars, a strut tower brace and a 3.55:1 ratio rear axle assembly.[8] 500 units of the coupe model were created for the 2006 model year, and a second run of 500 convertible models has been announced for 2008. [9]

Shelby GT500

Main article: Shelby Mustang
2007 Shelby GT500

For 2007, Ford's Special Vehicle Team launched the highly anticipated Shelby GT500, successor to the 2003/2004 Mustang SVT Cobra. The GT500 shares many of its basic design characteristics with that of the Mustang V6 and GT. In particular, the GT500 retains the same basic live axle rear suspension setup of the Mustang V6 and GT, though with some minor durability enhancements to handle the car's greater power. Thicker sheetmetal supports and extra welds can be found on the GT500 chassis as well as redesigned strut towers to accommodate a wider engine. A supercharged 5.4 L 32-valve DOHC V8 with an iron block and aluminum heads powers the GT500. The engine is mated to a Tremec TR6060 6-speed manual transmission and is rated to produce 500 hp (373 kW) @ 6000 rpm and 480 lb·ft (650 N·m) of torque @ 4500 rpm. A final drive ratio of 3.31:1 is standard in the GT500. Also standard are 18x9.5 inch wheels with P255/45ZR18 tires in the front and P285/40ZR18 tires in the rear. Stopping power is provided by Brembo 14-inch disc brakes with aluminum four-piston calipers in the front and 11.8-inch disc brakes with two-piston calipers in the rear. [10]

In spite of its high end features and strong performance, the GT500 failed to meet some automotive journalist's expectations[11][12]. Car and Driver magazine, for example, though praising the GT500 for its ample horsepower and relatively smooth ride, criticized their test car for its heavy weight and, in particular, the nose-heavy weight distribution of 57.7% front and 42.3% rear (compared to the 52.5% front, 47.5% rear of a Mustang GT manual they tested).[13] Nevertheless, in spite of their opinion on its drawbacks, Car and Driver drove a GT500 in their 2007 "Lightning Lap" road test and found that the car's on-track performance is actually comparable to the Audi R8 and the Porsche 911 Turbo[14].

Shelby GT500KR

2008 Ford Shelby GT500KR

Building on the high performance foundation of GT500, engineers from Ford SVT and Shelby Automobiles sought to build an even more powerful car: the Shelby GT500KR. Debuting as a 2008 model, the GT500KR, "KR" being an abbreviation for "King of the Road", pays homage to the original 1968 Shelby Mustang of the same name. To back up its name, the GT500KR features a host of new components and performance enhancements over a standard GT500. Under the hood, the GT500KR uses the same supercharged 5.4 L DOHC V8 as the standard GT500, but the KR's engine has been tuned to make 540 hp (403 kW) @ 6250 rpm and 510 lb·ft (691 N·m) of torque @ 4500 rpm, gains of 40 hp and 30 lb·ft of torque, respectively. While the Tremec TR6060 6-speed manual transmission remains the same, the GT500KR also benefits from a more aggressive 3.73:1 final drive ratio. To improve handling and help offset the car's front-heavy weight distribution, the GT500KR features a Ford Racing strut tower brace and uniquely tuned struts, shocks, and springs. Finally, to maximize the GT500KR's performance gains, measures were taken to keep the car's weight in check. Through the use of things like a carbon fiber hood and a revised exhaust system, the overall weight of the GT500KR is actually 22lbs lighter than a standard GT500.[15] For all of its performance enhancements and exclusivity as a limited production car, the GT500KR launched with a significant MSRP of $79,995.


2010 Mustang
2010 Ford Mustang.jpg
Model year(s)2010-
Body style(s)coupe
Engine(s)4.0 L Cologne V6
4.6 L Modular V8
5.4 L Modular supercharged V8
Transmission(s)5-speed manual (T-5, TR-3650)
6-speed manual (TR-6060)
5-speed automatic (5R55S)
Wheelbase107.1 in (2,720 mm)
Length188.1 in (4,780 mm)
Width73.9 in (1,880 mm)
Height55.6 in (1,410 mm) (Coupe) 56.1 in (1,420 mm) (Convertible)
Curb weightV6 coupe MT/AT:
3,401 lb (1,543 kg)/3,454 lb (1,567 kg)
V8 GT coupe MT/AT:
3,533 lb (1,603 kg)/3,575 lb (1,622 kg)
V8 GT500 coupe MT:
3,940 lb (1,787 kg)
Fuel capacity16 US gal (60.6 L; 13.3 imp gal)

A redesigned 2010 Ford Mustang was unveiled by the press at 12:01 AM EST on November 18, 2008, prior to the Los Angeles International Auto Show. As it has been hinted by Ford and other sources in the weeks running up to the unveiling, the 2010 Mustang is a revision of the 2005-2009 models, remaining on the D2C platform. The chief designer of the 2010 Mustang is Doug Gaffka, who was previously responsible for the 2008-2009 Bullitt and other Ford vehicles. The new Mustang's exterior is an evolution of 2005-2009 Mustang, being sculpted for a leaner, more muscular appearance and better aerodynamic performance (coefficient of drag has been reduced by 4% on V6 models and 7% on GT models [16]). Specific changes to the exterior include a restyled Mustang emblem (the first time this has been done since the Mustang was introduced), a new headlight design with integrated turn signals, a prominent powerdome hood to complement the car's muscular exterior, and revised three-lens tailights with LEDs that blink in sequence for turn indication. Additionally, the 2010 Mustang GT uses smaller fog lights than the 2005-2009 models though they are still mounted in the car's grille. Fog lights on V6 models (apart of a revised Pony Package first introduced for 2006) are now mounted in the lower fascia below the grille. In all models, the radio antenna has been moved to the rear of the car and the lock for the trunk no longer features a keyhole on the trunk lid, substituting with a remote trunk release only.[17] In spite of its changes, the 2010 Mustang's overall exterior dimensions are nearly identical to the 2005-2009 models.[18]

The Mustang's stylistic evolution continues on into the interior with a revised design that features higher quality thermoplastic olefin surfaces, available real aluminum trim, and improved fit and finish. The intent behind the design of the interior was to get away from the linear nature of the previous Mustang, being sculpted in a way that would better reflect the Mustang's athletic exterior shapes and convey a sense of power and speed. Gary Morales, Design Manager for the 2010 Mustang, said about the attention to detail paid to the Mustang's new interior, "We never stopped at, 'Good enough.' We only stopped at 'right.'"[19]

Powertrains for the 2010 Mustang have been carried over from the 2005-2009 models for both the base Mustang and Mustang GT. While the 4.0 L V6 for base Mustangs remains unchanged, the Mustang GT's 4.6 L V8 has been revised to specifications similar to that of the 2008-2009 Mustang Bullitt's 4.6 L V8, resulting in 315 hp (235 kW) @ 6000 rpm and 325 lb·ft (441 N·m) of torque @ 4250 rpm.[18] Other mechanical features for the 2010 Mustang include new spring rates and dampers to improve ride quality and control, standard AdvanceTrac traction and stability control system on all models with a special Sport Mode setting on GT models, and new wheel sizes. Base V6 models come with standard 17-inch wheels and optional 18-inch wheels while GT models come with standard 18-inch wheels and optional 19-inch wheels. For the Mustang GT, two performance packages are newly available for 2010. GT Track Package I features higher performance front brake pads, a more aggressive 3.73:1 rear axle, and a recalibrated AdvanceTrac system. GT Track Package II, which will be available later in the model year, features higher performance front and rear brake pads, stabilizer bars and rear lower control arms from the GT500, uniquely tuned shocks and struts, Pirelli summer tires (includes automatic upgrade to 19-inch wheels), a 3.73:1 rear axle with carbon plates in the differential, and a recalibrated AdvanceTrac system.[16] V6 and GT models are expected to have a small overall weight gain over their 2009 counterparts.[20]

Other new features and options for the 2010 Mustang include Ford SYNC, dual-zone automatic climate control, an updated navigation system with Sirius Travel Link, a capless fuel filler, and a reverse camera system to aid in backing up. The 2010 Mustang will be released for the Spring of 2009.[21]

Shelby GT500

Main article: Shelby Mustang

The 2010 Shelby GT500 was revealed by Ford through a press release on January 1, 2009 as a precursor to a public unveiling at the 2009 North American International Auto Show. As before, many of the basic design characteristics of the new GT500 are shared with that of the Mustang and Mustang GT. In particular, the GT500 gains the same exterior and interior updates as the 2010 Mustang and Mustang GT. Differentiating it from the Mustang and Mustang GT on the outside, however, is a unique front fascia with larger upper and lower grilles, a unique hood, large fog lights mounted in the lower front fascia (similar to the previous GT500), Shelby's signature cobra badges on the grille, front fenders, and trunk lid medallion (with Shelby lettering over the medallion), unique 19-inch wheels (18-inch on the convertible model), and a unique Gurney Flap rear spolier. Inside the GT500, a unique cobra disc on the steering wheel, shift ball, and seats with embroidered cobras are the only major elements that differ it from the Mustang and Mustang GT.[22]

Mechanically the 2010 Shelby GT500 remains closely related to the 2007-2009 GT500, but the 2010 model has been upgraded with various features similar to or found in the 2008 Shelby GT500KR. A conical cold air intake and other enhancements to the GT500's supercharged 5.4 L DOHC V8 have resulted in an increase in output to 540 hp (403 kW) @ 6250 rpm and 510 lb·ft (691 N·m) of torque @ 4500 rpm; gains of 40 hp and 30 lb·ft of torque over the 2007-2009 GT500 respectively. The Tremec TR-6060 6-speed manual transmission returns for the 2010 GT500 but has been enhanced with larger clutch discs (250 mm versus the 215 mm discs used previously) and other measures to increase performance and noise, vibration, and harshness (NVH) control. Additionally, the fifth and sixth gear ratios of the transmission have been changed from 0.80 to 0.74 and 0.63 to 0.50 respectively, contributing to an improvement in fuel efficiency that the 2010 GT500 enjoys over its predecessor. Complementing the transmission's gear ratio changes is a new, more aggressive 3.55:1 ratio rear axle which replaces the 3.31:1 axle used previously. Elsewhere, the GT500's aluminum hood, in addition to be stylistically different from that of the Mustang and Mustang GT, features an air extractor that helps cool the engine. Various aerodynamic upgrades, such as the design of the front fascia and the aforementioned Gurney Flap spoiler, contribute to increased downward force and a reduced coefficient of drag. Suspension enhancements found in the GT500KR are used in the 2010 GT500 to improve handling and, specifically, provide better roll control. The 2010 GT500 features Ford's AdvanceTrac traction and stability control system standard with different settings to control the level of performance the driver desires.[22]

Like the 2010 Mustang and Mustang GT, the 2010 Shelby GT500 will be released in Spring 2009.

Additional information

Ford announced in July 2007 that all 2008 Mustangs would have seats containing material derived from soy beans,[23] harking back to some of Henry Ford's ideals.

On December 12, 2007, Ford announced a new option for the 2009 Mustang to be unveiled at the 2008 North American International Auto Show called the glass roof. This $1,995 option is in effect a full roof sunroof that splits the difference in price and purpose of the coupe and convertible models. [24]


  1. Brown, Greg N. "Head To Head: 2006 Ford Mustang Convertible Vs. 2006 Pontiac G6 Convertible." Motor Trend 2006.
  2. Ford Motor Company. Ford Media. 2005 Mustang Specifications. 2005.
  3. Ford Motor Company. Ford Media. 2005 Mustang. 2005.
  4. Ford Motor Company. Ford Media. 2006 Mustang. 2006.
  5. Kott, Douglas (April 2005). "Mustang Stampede!" (in English) (HTML). Road & Track. Retrieved on 2007-01-08. 
  6. Ford Motor Company. Ford Media. 2008 Mustang Bullitt. 2008.
  7. 0704 2007 ford shelby gt/ 2007 Ford Shelby GT First Road Test
  8. Shelby GT-H Official Page
  9. 2008 Shelby GT-H Convertible Information
  10. Ford Motor Company. Ford Media. 2007 Shelby GT500 Specifications. 2007.
  12. "Shelby GT500 Mustang vs Superformance Coupe", Evo Magazine (97) 
  13. Webster, Larry. "2006 Chevrolet Corvette vs. 2007 Ford Mustang Shelby GT500." Car and Driver. Jul. 2006.
  15. Ford Motor Company. Ford Media. 2008 Shelby GT500KR. 2008.
  16. 16.0 16.1 Ford Motor Company. "2010 Mustang Steering and Suspension." Ford Media. 2008.
  17. Ford Motor Company. "2010 Mustang Overview." Ford Media. 2008.
  18. 18.0 18.1 Ford Motor Company. "2010 Mustang Technical Specifications." Ford Media. 2008.
  19. Ford Motor Company. "2010 Mustang Exterior/Interior." Ford Media. 2008.
  20. Abuelsamid, Sam. "Officially Official: 2010 Ford Mustang!" Nov. 17 2008. Autoblog.
  21. Ford Motor Company. Introducing the 2010 Ford Mustang. Nov. 17 2008.
  22. 22.0 22.1 Ford Motor Company. "2010 Ford Shelby GT500 Packs More Powerful Punch." Ford Media. 1 January 2009.
  23. "New Twist on Green: 2008 Ford Mustang Seats Will Be Soy-Based Foam". Edmunds inside line. July 12, 2007. Retrieved on 2 October 2007. 
  24. Winding Road » Archive » Ford Shows 2009 Glass Roof Mustang