Ford Fusion (Americas)

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Ford Fusion
2010 Ford Fusion
ManufacturerFord Motor Company
AssemblyHermosillo, Sonora, Mexico
PredecessorFord Mondeo (In Mexico and Latin America)
Ford Taurus (midsize, United States & Canada)
Body style(s)4-door sedan
LayoutFront engine, front-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
PlatformFord CD3 platform
Engine(s)2.3 L Duratec 23 I4 (2006–2009)
2.5 L Duratec 25 I4 (2010–)
3.0 L Duratec 30 V6
3.5 L Duratec 35 V6 (2010–)
Transmission(s)6-speed Aisin TF-80 automatic (3.0L & 3.5L V6)
6-speed Ford 6F35 automatic (2.5L I4 & 3.0L V6)
5-speed Mazda FNR5 automatic (2.3L I4)
5-speed Mazda G5M manual (2.3L I4)
6-speed Mazda G6M manual (2.5L I4)
Continuous variable transmission (2.5L I4 hybrid)
Wheelbase107.4 in (2728 mm)
Length2006-09: 190.2 in (4831 mm)
2010-: 190.6 in (4841 mm)
Width72.2 in (1834 mm)
Height2006-09: 57.2 in (1453 mm)
2010: 56.9 in (1445 mm)
Fuel capacity17.5 US gal (14.6 imp gal; 66 L)
RelatedFord Edge
Lincoln MKX
Lincoln MKZ
Lincoln Zephyr
Mazda CX-9
Mercury Milan
ManualsService Manual
File:Ford Fusion.jpg
2006-2009 Ford Fusion

The North American Ford Fusion (code name CD338) is a mid-size car produced by the Ford Motor Company since the 2006 model year.

The Fusion is manufactured at Ford's Hermosillo Stamping & Assembly plant in Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico, where the similar Mercury Milan and Lincoln MKZ are also built. All three cars are based on the same platform and were launched simultaneously into the market (the MKZ as the Zephyr).

Production on the first Fusions began on August 1, 2005. The Fusion replaced the Mondeo for the Latin American markets—except in Argentina (where the current European Mondeo is available) and in the United States and Canada (where it superseded the mid-size Taurus, which was being phased out). It is similar in size to its most direct competitors, the Toyota Camry, Honda Accord, and Hyundai Sonata. By United States Environmental Protection Agency size category,[1] the Fusion is positioned between the compact Ford Focus and full-size Ford Taurus (formerly Five Hundred).

The Fusion was the first production car to feature the "new face of Ford" three-bar grille, which (along with two matching bars below the bumper/fascia forming a five-bar design) was first seen on a concept car called the Ford 427, unveiled in 2003 at the North American International Auto Show (NAIAS) in Detroit.

Ford's early advertising campaign for the Fusion in the United States was entitled "Life in Drive", while in Canada it was "Create a Reaction".[2] In January 2007, the company launched a new campaign for the Fusion titled "Fusion Challenge" (later renamed "Ford Challenge").


With its launch, the Fusion debuted Ford's new three-bar grille design, which is expected to become the company's trademark look for the rest of the decade. Production volume is projected at 160,000-200,000 per year. U.S. sales totaled 142,502 in 2006 and 149,552 (221,159 including its siblings) in 2007.

Car and Driver notes that the car is actually similar in size to the first-generation Ford Taurus, rather than the Ford Tempo or Ford Contour, which occupied the small mid-size slot during those years – an example of car size inflation since the 1980s.

Changes to the CD3 platform from the Mazda6 include stretching it by 30 mm (1.2 in) in width and 55 mm (2.2 in) in length, strengthening it, and modifying the suspension for a more compliant ride. Like the Mazda, the Fusion uses the Mazda-designed 2.3 L Duratec 23 I4 and 3.0 L Duratec 30 V6. All wheel drive is offered for V6 models in 2007.

The Fusion shares some interior parts with the otherwise unrelated Mk III Ford Mondeo, such as part of the console and the seats. Both automatic and manual transmissions are available (the latter only with the I4 engine).

Background on name choice

The Fusion was originally to be called the Futura, which was last used in North America as the name of a two-door version of the Fairmont. Ford, however, lost a trademark lawsuit to the Pep Boys auto parts store, which has a line of tires under the Futura brand. American trademark law generally considers a name abandoned if the owner does not use it for three calendar years and the long history of the name in the Ford line did not impress the court.

The Futura name was originally introduced as a Lincoln concept car in 1955. The Lincoln Futura later was converted to the Batmobile for the television series Batman (1966-1968). In 1961, it was first used as the designation of an upper trim level on Falcons which continued through 1970, and then on a 2-door coupe version of the Ford Fairmont from 1978-83. The name was also used by Ford Australia as a trim line for the Falcon until the release of FG (MY 2009). Pep Boys does not operate in Australia, thus there was no conflict of trademark in that country.



Ken Schrader races a Ford Fusion (#21) in the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series at Texas Motor Speedway

The Fusion also became the new decal set for Ford automobiles in NASCAR beginning in 2006, replacing the Taurus.[3] This marked the first time since the Torino in 1968 that Ford introduced a new model that went racing in NASCAR at the same time as its launch. It debuted at the 2006 Daytona 500 and won its first race a week later in California when Matt Kenseth took the checkered flag.

Land speed record success

Ford Motor Company announced its attempt to use a fuel cell version of the Fusion, Ford Fusion Hydrogen 999, to set a land speed record on Aug. 10-17 during Bonneville Speed Week in 2007.[4] The Fusion 999 project was born in early 2006 when Ford fuel cell engineering manager Mujeeb Ijaz approached Roush Racing about doing a project to demonstrate the performance potential of a fuel cell-powered vehicle. The team from Roush, led by Rick Darling, worked with a team of Ford engineers and technicians led by Matt Zuehlk to come up with a vehicle design that could meet the goal of exceeding 200 mph on the Bonneville salt flats fueled only by hydrogen.[5] On August 15, 2007, the vehicle set the fastest fuel cell ground vehicle speed record of 207.297mph. The car was driven by retired Ford engineer Rick Byrnes, a long time Bonneville racer.[6]

Awards and consumer response

According to Ford, consumer response to the Fusion has exceeded their expectations,[7] with 30,000 sold during the first quarter of 2006. The Fusion was nominated for the North American Car of the Year award for 2006. In July 2006, Strategic Vision gave the Fusion its Total Quality Award as the best-quality midsize sedan on the American market.[8]

An article reflecting on the retirement of the Taurus however noted that whatever its faults, Ford did sell a large volume of them, and at the time production ended, the Taurus was still outselling the smaller Fusion and larger Ford Five Hundred combined, thanks to Taurus' large fleet sales. For the 2007 model year, approximately 77% of Fusion sales were retail (as opposed to fleet).[9] This sales mix has contributed, in part, to the Fusion's relatively high residual value compared to the Taurus.[10]

Ford also sells the Fusion in Mexico and Brazil. In Brazil, it has often been the highest selling car in its class, exceeding Ford's expectations.


  • Consumer Reports has also given positive reviews to the Fusion, as it had to the previous Taurus. The magazine said it was "unexpectedly impressed" with its handling and ride, which it said was comparable to European models. In addition, CR pointed out that in its yearly car survey, where readers reply to questions about their cars, the Fusion stood out as having high reliability levels--an exceptional result for a first-year car.
  • Ford Fusion ranked highest among midsize cars in the JD Power APEAL study for 2006.

Features and model information

New features for 2007

For 2007, all-wheel drive became available on V6 models. Sirius Satellite Radio is available as an option on the SE and SEL models. The front passenger fold-flat seat was introduced and became standard on the Fusion SEL and SE models. Also, the Fusion now has front-seat side airbags and a side air curtain as standard features, as well as an anti-theft perimeter alarm. (All were previously available as cost options.) Also added is an auxiliary audio input jack for audio transmission from a portable audio player along with some equipment modifications. A DVD-based navigation system also became available.

New features for 2008

For the 2008 model year, Ford continues to refine the Fusion's options. ABS is now a standard feature, as is tire pressure monitoring system. New optional features include rear parking assist, Ford's "Sync" multimedia and communication system, and ambient interior lighting. The DVD navigation was replaced with a new generation system featuring voice commands, and for the first time navigation is available also with manual transmission. Finally, 2 packages were added to the options list: Sport Appearance Package and Moon and Tune package. The latter makes the Audiophile 8-speaker audio system available on the SE trim line. Several colors were deleted and some others added.

New features for 2009

For 2009, the Fusion adds available electronic stability control. A new appearance package with blue trim is available. There have also been several color changes. 2009 will be a short year for the Fusion, being produced from June 2 until early November, as Job1 for the 2010 Fusion is currently scheduled for December 23, 2008, according to Ford dealers.

2010 refresh and hybrid electric versions

In 2008, Ford significantly updated the Fusion, along with the Mercury Milan and Lincoln MKZ,[13] with new front and rear end fascia designs[14][15] and interior and powertrain updates for the 2010 model year. Powertrain options will be similar to those debuting on the 2009 Ford Escape, including the new 2.5 L I4 and 3.0 L PIP Duratec series V6 engine coupled to Ford's new 6F35 six-speed transmission.[16] The 3.0 L Duratec will now provide 240 hp (179 kW) with E85 fuel capability, while the I4 will provide 175 hp (130 kW). The 3.5 L Duratec 35 producing 263 hp (196 kW) will be standard in the Fusion Sport. The I4 and 3L V6 engines include adaptive knock control and aggressive deceleration fuel cutoff features to improve fuel economy.[17]

In July 2007, Motor Trend reported that Ford's Special Vehicle Team tuner group planned to release Fusion GT in late 2009 or early 2010. Its 3.5-liter Eco-Boost V-6 will make about 340 horsepower.[18]

Hybrid electric version

A hybrid electric version of the Fusion was announced at the 2005 NAIAS, along with the public introduction of the original 2006 Fusion. It is scheduled to be introduced in early 2009 for the 2010 model year, for $27,270.[19][20][21] It will use Ford's GenII hybrid design, which will eventually replace the layout in the current Ford Escape Hybrid. The number of cells are reduced while keeping the same capacity of 1.3 kWh, so the battery is now 30% smaller in volume and weighs 23% less than the Ford Escape Hybrid unit. A variable voltage controller is added to compensate the voltage drop to 270V. Electric motor is rated 93kW, while generator is rated 70kW.

The new Fusion Hybrid and Fusion Sport officially debuted at the Greater Los Angeles Auto Show in November 2008.[22] According to Ford, the vehicle will (by EPA standards) have fuel efficiency of 41 miles per gallon in the city and 36 on the highway.[23] A December 13, 2008 posting on stated that staff drivers had obtained in-city mileage of 43.1 mpg on the streets of Los Angeles. [24] In addition, Los Angeles Times reporter Dan Neil reported in his December 27, 2008 article "Ford Fusion Hybrid: The Car of the Future?" that he obtained 52 mpg in mixed city-highway driving with little difficulty.

The EPA has now rated the fuel economy for the 2010 Fusion hybrid at 41 mpg city, 36 mpg highway.[25] The Fusion Hybrid qualifies for a hybrid tax credit of $3,400, subject to phase out.[26]




2008 specifications

  • Passenger volume: 100 cubic feet (4D), 2,830 liters
  • Luggage volume: 16 cubic feet (4D), 453 liters
  • Fuel type: regular (87 octane) gasoline

Yearly American sales

Calendar Year Total American sales
2004[29] n/a
2005 16,983
2006[30] 142,502
2007 149,552
2008[31] 147,569


  1. "EPA". Retrieved on 2007-11-18. 
  2. Ford Fusion Cars: Ford Canada
  3. "Ford Racing: Ford Unveils New Face For The Chase". Retrieved on 2007-11-18. 
  4. "Ford Fusion Hydrogen 999 Racer To Attempt Speed Record For Fuel Cell-Powered Vehicle". Retrieved on 2007-11-18. 
  5. "AutblogGreen: Ford's Hydrogen Fusion 999 Hits The Track For The First Time". Retrieved on 2007-11-18. 
  6. "AutoblogGreen: Ford Hydrogen Fusion 999 runs 207.3 MPH at Bonneville". Retrieved on 2007-11-18. 
  7. Reuters (2006-01-05). "GM U.S. Sales Fell 10.3% in Dec.". Fox News.,2933,180599,00.html. Retrieved on 18 November 2007. 
  8. "Strategic Vision: The 2006 Total Quality Award Winners". Retrieved on 2007-11-18. 
  9. "2007 - MY Registrations". Automotive Fleet. March 2008. Retrieved on 16 July 2008. 
  10. Thomas, Mike (2006-01-08). "Ford, Lincoln and Mercury See Rising Resale Values". Ford Media. Retrieved on 18 November 2007. 
  11. Bedard, Patrick (December 2005). "Comparison Test Review: 2006 Ford Fusion SEL V-6 vs. 2006 Honda Accord EX V-6 vs. 2006 Hyundai Sonata LX V-6 vs. 2006 Toyota Camry XLE V-6". Car and Driver. Retrieved on 18 November 2007. 
  12. 2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid vs. Camry Hybrid, Altima Hybrid, and Malibu Hybrid.
  13. "Ford rolls on its 'Way Forward' turnaround". USA Today. 2008-05-12. Retrieved on 12 May 2008. 
  14. Spy Photos: 2010 Ford Fusion - 23 December 2007
  15. Spied: 2010 Ford Fusion gets beefier grille - 29 January 2008
  16. "Ford adds power to Fusion". Detroit News. 2008-04-21. Retrieved on 12 May 2008. 
  17. "Tech Analysis: 2010 Ford Fusion/Mercury Milan powertrains, 38 mpg hybrid!". AutoblogGreen. October 30, 2008. 
  18. "Ford working on high-performance Fusion GT, EcoBoost 'Stang on hold". Autoblog. July 7, 2008. 
  19. "Ford Fusion hybrid to hit auto show circuit soon". 2007-08-15. Retrieved on 18 November 2007. 
  20. Gluckman, David (August 2007). "Spied: 2009 Ford Fusion - Car News". Car and Driver. Retrieved on 18 November 2007. 
  22. "2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid to pace NASCAR Sprint Cup". Black Falcon Media Group. November 11, 2008. 
  24. "First Drive: 2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid". December 13, 2008. Retrieved on 31 December 2008. 
  25. "2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid Information". January 8, 2009. Retrieved on 08 January 2009. 
  26. "2010 FORD FUSION HYBRID QUALIFIES BUYERS FOR HIGHEST AVAILABLE FEDERAL TAX CREDIT – $3,400". January 28, 2009. Retrieved on January 28, 2009. 
  27. 2010 "Ford Fusion packs a fuel-efficient punch with new gas engine, six-speed transmission lineup". October 29, 2008. 2010. 
  28. "New Ford hybrid system expected to deliver class-leading fuel economy, improved drivability". October 29, 2008. 

External links